IP3 Receptor Properties and Function at Membrane Contact Sites

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 981)


The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) is a ubiquitously expressed Ca2+-release channel localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The intracellular Ca2+ signals originating from the activation of the IP3R regulate multiple cellular processes including the control of cell death versus cell survival via their action on apoptosis and autophagy. The exact role of the IP3Rs in these two processes does not only depend on their activity, which is modulated by the cytosolic composition (Ca2+, ATP, redox status, …) and by various types of regulatory proteins, including kinases and phosphatases as well as by a number of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, but also on their intracellular localization, especially at the ER-mitochondrial and ER-lysosomal interfaces. At these interfaces, Ca2+ microdomains are formed, in which the Ca2+ concentration is finely regulated by the different ER, mitochondrial and lysosomal Ca2+-transport systems and also depends on the functional and structural interactions existing between them. In this review, we therefore discuss the most recent insights in the role of Ca2+ signaling in general, and of the IP3R in particular, in the control of basal mitochondrial bioenergetics, apoptosis, and autophagy at the level of inter-organellar contact sites.


Apoptosis Autophagy Ca2+ microdomains Cell death Cell survival Endoplasmic reticulum IP3 receptor Lysosomes Membrane contact sites Mitochondria 



Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis


AMP-activated kinase




Bcl-2/IP3R disruptor-2 peptide


Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release


cAMP response element-binding protein


DT40 IP3R triple knock-out


Endoplasmic reticulum


Fission 1 homologue


Glucose-regulated protein 75


Glucose-regulated protein 78


Glycogen synthase kinase-3β


Inner mitochondrial membrane


IP3-binding core


Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate


IP3 receptor


Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3


Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2


Mitochondria-associated ER membrane


Mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter




Mitochondrial permeabilization transition pore


Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1


Outer mitochondrial membrane


Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate


Phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2


Protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase


Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate


Protein kinase B


Promyelocytic leukemia


Phosphatase and tensin homolog


Protein tyrosine phosphatase-interacting protein-51


Reactive oxygen species


Ryanodine receptor


Sarco-/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase


Tricarboxylic acid


Transcription factor EB


Thioredoxin-like transmembrane protein


Two-pore channel


Transient receptor potential mucolipin


Atg1/Unc-51-like kinase 1/2


Unfolded protein response


Vesicle-associated protein B


Voltage-dependent anion channel



GR is recipient of a Ph.D. fellowship of the Research Fund—Flanders (FWO). Work performed in the laboratory of the authors was supported by research grants of the FWO, the Research Council of the KU Leuven and the Interuniversity Attraction Poles Programmes (Belgian Science Policy).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Molecular and Cellular Signaling, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine & Leuven Kanker InstituutKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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