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Surgical Principles in the Treatment of Pediatric Brain Tumors

  • Eric N. Momin
  • Mahmood Khan
  • Andrew JeaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Contemporary surgical neuro-oncology traces its roots to Harvey Cushing in the study and treatment of brain tumors. Neurosurgical intervention plays a significant role in the management of brain tumors for tissue diagnosis through biopsy, and treatment through resection in most cases of isolated well-circumscribed brain tumors, often in combination with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Neurosurgical consultation is almost always indicated for intracranial mass lesions in pediatric patients, and a general familiarity with principles of surgical management can be useful to the oncologist and radiation oncologist in providing appropriate counseling and creating a comprehensive multidisciplinary treatment plan. This chapter provides an overview of five important topics of surgical management and provides relevant clinical pearls: surgical approaches to brain tumors, hydrocephalus management, posterior fossa syndrome, steroid administration, and seizure management.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryTexas Children’s Hospital and the Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of NeurosurgeryTexas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Goodman Campbell Brain and SpineIndiana UniversityIndianapolisUSA

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