Agent Interaction as a Source of Discretion for the EU High Representative
- 1.3k Downloads
Rivalry with the European Commission characterized the first years of the newly created High Representative, leading to a limited discretion of the incumbent Catherine Ashton. The empirical analysis suggests that agent interaction has an independent effect on the room for maneuver of multiple agents. The discretion of an agent is not just a function of the delegation and control relationship with the principal, but also a function of the interaction with other agents. While the member states (principals) delegated tasks of agenda management, strategic planning, crisis management as well as communication to the High Representative (agent), competition with the European Commission caused a situation in which the High Representative enjoyed less room for maneuver than originally granted by member states.
- Behr, T., Siitonen, A., & Nykänen, J. (2010). Rewriting the ground rules of European diplomacy. The European external action service in the making. FIIA briefing paper, 57. Retrieved May 2016, from http://www.fiia.fi/en/publication/109/rewriting_the_ground_rules_of_european_diplomacy/.
- Castle, S. (2011). Lady in waiting—So where is the EU’s foreign policy chief. Foreign policy. Retrieved May 2016, from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/03/31/lady_in_waiting.
- Crowe, B. (2005). Foreign minister of Europe. London: Foreign Policy Centre. Retrieved May 2016, from http://fpc.org.uk/fsblob/395.pdf.
- Delreux, T., & Adriaensen, J. (2017). Introduction. Use and limitations of the principal–agent model in studying the European Union. In T. Delreux & J. Adriaensen (Eds.), The principal–agent model and the European Union (pp. 1–34). London: Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
- Dempsey, J. (2014). Judy asks: Can the European commission rescue EU foreign policy? Strategic Europe. Carnegie Europe. Retrieved May 2016, from http://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/?fa=55601.
- Dijkstra, H. (2017). Non-exclusive delegation to the European external action service. In T. Delreux & J. Adriaensen (Eds.), The principal–agent model and the European Union (pp. 55–81). London: Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
- Downs, A. (1966). Inside bureaucracy. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.Google Scholar
- Erkelens, L., & Blockmans, S. (2012). Setting up the European external action service: An act of institutional balance. CLEER working paper, 1. Retrieved May 2016, from http://www.asser.nl/upload/documents/1272012_125753cleer2012-1web.pdf.
- European Council. (2010). European council 16 September. Presidency conclusions. Retrieved from http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/116547.pdf.
- European Commission. (2011). Vademecum on the external action of the European Union. Retrieved May 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/2/2011/EN/2-2011-881-EN-1-0.Pdf.
- European Commission and High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. (2013). Joint communication to the European parliament and the council: The EU’s comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises. Retrieved May 2016, from http://www.eeas.europa.eu/statements/docs/2013/131211_03_en.pdf.
- European External Action Service. (2013). EEAS review. Retrieved May 2016, from http://eeas.europa.eu/top_stories/2013/29072013_eeas_review_en.htm.
- Helwig, N., Ivan P., & Kostanyan, H. (2013). The new EU foreign policy architecture: Reviewing the first two years of the EEAS. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies. Retrieved May 2016, from http://www.ceps.eu/book/new-eu-foreign-policy-architecture-reviewing-first-two-years-eeas.
- Helwig, N. (2015a). The high representative of the union: The constrained agent of Europe’s foreign policy. Berlin: Epubli.Google Scholar
- Huber, J., & Shipan C. (2002). Deliberate discretion? The Institutional foundation of bureaucratic autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Kiewiet, D., & McCubbins, M. (1991). The logic of delegation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Klein, N. (2010). European agents out of control? Delegation and agency in the civil-military crisis management of the European Union 1999–2008. Nomos: Baden-Baden.Google Scholar
- Missiroli, A. (2007). A tale of two pillars—and an Arch. In G. Avery (Ed.), The EU foreign service: How to build a more effective common policy (pp. 9–27). Brussels: European Policy Centre.Google Scholar
- Müller-Brandeck-Bocquet, G., & Rüger, C. (Eds.). (2011). The high representative for the EU foreign and security policy—Review and prospects. Baden-Baden: Nomos Publishers.Google Scholar
- Plank, F., & Niemann, A. (2017). Impact of the agent’s environment on discretion in the field of EU conflict resolution. In T. Delreux & J. Adriaensen (Eds.), The principal–agent model and the European Union (pp. 131–155). London: Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
- Reuters. (2011, March 6). EU mission to Libya to assess humanitarian needs. Retrieved May 2016, from http://af.reuters.com/article/libyaNews/idAFLDE72505520110306.
- Rüger, C. (2011). A position under construction: Future prospects of the high representative after the treaty of Lisbon. In G. Müller-Brandeck-Bocquet & C. Rüger (Eds.), The high representative for the EU foreign and security policy— Review and prospects (pp. 201–233). Baden-Baden: Nomos Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar