Inequality in Expenditures on Education

  • Vani Kant Borooah


Borooah examines expenditure on education. He argues that inequality in educational expenditure can lead to inequality in educational outcomes since those who are able to spend more do better educationally, both in terms of educational performance and in terms of admission to select institutions. Particularly pernicious in this regard is expenditure on private coaching the main purpose of which is to augment education received at school. Such expenditure is capable of generating “false positives”: children who are not very bright can be coached to pass a test. Group-preference policies are needed to correct for the superior performance engendered by superior resources. Borooah argues, however, that group-preference should be based on economic need and not upon caste or racial identity.


Education Expenditures Bayes’ Theorem False Positives Group-Preference Inequality Decomposition 


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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vani Kant Borooah
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Economics & PoliticsUniversity of UlsterNewtownabbeyUnited Kingdom

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