Functional MRI

  • Geert-Jan Rutten


Functional neuroimaging techniques, first positron emission tomography (PET) and later functional MRI (fMRI), have revolutionized cognitive neuroscience. These tools have also greatly improved our understanding of how language is implemented in the brain. Almost from the beginning, fMRI was also applied as a tool for language mapping in surgical practice because of its obvious benefits: high-resolution whole-brain mapping without the need for invasive procedures. Other clinical applications that have been investigated, although less frequently, are the use of fMRI as a tool to help diagnose or understand diseases that lack clear neuroanatomical characteristics or as a predictor for language outcome after stroke (see Chap.  9).


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geert-Jan Rutten
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgerySt Elisabeth-Tweesteden HospitalTilburgThe Netherlands

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