Advertisement

Natural Inclusion and the Evolution of Self-identity

  • Alan Rayner
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Abstract

There is abundant direct and indirect evidence that life and the cosmos have not remained unchanged since an act of instantaneous creation. Life and the cosmos evolve through an ongoing cumulative process of energetic transformation that is evident even within the life spans of individual organisms. Efforts to understand this process have, however, been impeded by the same abstract dissociation of matter from space that sustains belief in instantaneous creation. The resultant view of evolution as an eliminative ‘survival of the fittest’, brought about by a selective mechanism is both paradoxical and pathological. Selection from amongst a set of competing alternatives in a fixed arena cannot initiate change and it removes diversity. A more realistic understanding arises from appreciating natural flow-geometry. Energy flows naturally in response to the inductive influence of receptive space. Life and individual identity hence evolve through the natural inclusion of space in flux (and flux in space), not the independent existence of each from the other. New varieties arise through the opening up of new possibilities for energetic expression in continuously changing circumstances, not the illusory separation of chooser from choices that arises from objective perception.

Keywords

Real Lesson Natural Inclusion Natural Neighbourhood Inclusive Relationship Receptive Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ainsworth, A. M., & Rayner, A. D. M. (1986). Responses of living hyphae associated with self and non-self fusions in the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete velutina. Journal of General Microbiology, 132, 191–201.Google Scholar
  2. Barabási, A-L. (2002). Linked: The new science of networks. New York: Perseus Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. University Of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General system theory: Foundation, development, applications s. New York: George Braziller.Google Scholar
  5. Cairns, H.C. & Harney, B.Y. (2004). Dark sparklers. H.C.CairnsGoogle Scholar
  6. Claxton, G. (2006). The wayward mind. London: Abacus.Google Scholar
  7. Damasio, A. (2000). The feeling of what happens: Body, emotion and the making of consciousness. London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  8. Darwin, C. (1859). On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. Bromley, Kent: Down.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dawkins, R. (1989). The selfish gene (New ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Dawkins, R. (1995). River out of Eden: A Darwinian view of life. USA: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  11. Dowson, C. G., Rayner, A. D. M., & Boddy, L. (1986). Outgrowth patterns of mycelial cord-forming basidiomycetes from and between woody resource units in soil. Journal of General Microbiology, 132, 203–211.Google Scholar
  12. Elstrup, O. (2009). The ways of humans: Modelling the fundamentals of psychology and social relations. Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science, 43, 267–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Elstrup, O. (2010). The ways of humans: The emergence of sense and common sense through language production. Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science, 44, 82–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gabriel, Y. (2002). Essai: On paragrammatic uses of organizational theory—A provocation. Organization Studies, 23, 133–151.Google Scholar
  15. Harding, D. E. (2000). On having no head—Zen and the rediscovery of the obvious. London: The Shollond Trust.Google Scholar
  16. Heelas, P., & Lock, A. (1981). Indigenous psychologies: The anthropology of the self. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hutchison, C.A. (2016) Design and synthesis of a minimal bacterial genome. Science 351(6280).Google Scholar
  18. Hyde, L. (2006). The gift—How the creative spirit transforms the world. Edinburgh: Canongate Books.Google Scholar
  19. Koestler, A. (1976). The ghost in the machine. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  20. Lewis, C.S. (1942). The screwtape letters. Oxford: Geoffrey Bles.Google Scholar
  21. Marman, D. (2016). Lenses of perception—A surprising new look at the origin of life, the laws of nature and our universe. Ridgefield, Washington: Lenses of Perception Press.Google Scholar
  22. Neuman, Y. (2010). Empathy: From mind-reading to reading of a distant text. Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science. doi: 10.1007/s12124-010-9118-7.Google Scholar
  23. Polanyi, M. (1958). Personal knowledge: Towards a post-critical philosophy (p. 381). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  24. Rayner, A. D. M. (1997). Degrees of freedom—Living in dynamic boundaries. London: Imperial College Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rayner, A. D. M. (1998). Fountains of the forest—The interconnectedness between trees and fungi. Mycological Research, 102, 1441–1449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rayner, A. D. M. (2004). Inclusionality and the role of place, space and dynamic boundaries in evolutionary processes. Philosophica, 73, 51–70.Google Scholar
  27. Rayner, A. D. M. (2010). Inclusionality and sustainability—attuning with the currency of natural energy flow and how this contrasts with abstract economic rationality. Environmental Economics, 1, 98–108.Google Scholar
  28. Rayner, A. D. (2011a). Space cannot be cut: Why self-identity naturally includes neighbourhood. Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science, 45, 161–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rayner, A.D.M. (2011b). NaturesScope: Unlocking our natural empathy and creativity—an inspiring new way of relating to our natural origins and one another through natural inclusion. O Books.Google Scholar
  30. Rayner, A. D. M., & Jarvilehto, T. (2008). From dichotomy to inclusionality: A transformational understanding of organism-environment relationships and the evolution of human consciousness. Transfigural Mathematics, 1(2), 67–82.Google Scholar
  31. Sampson, E. (1988). Indigenous psychologies of the individual and their role in personal and societal functioning. American Psychologist, 43, 15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sampson, E. (2000). Reinterpreting Individualism and collectivism: Their religious roots and monologic versus dialogic person-other relationship. American Psychologist, 55, 1425–1432.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Shakunle, L.O. & Rayner, A.D.M. (2008). Superchannel—Inside and beyond superstring: the natural inclusion of one in all—III. Transfigural Mathematics, 1(3), 9–55, 59–69.Google Scholar
  34. Shakunle, L. O., & Rayner, A. D. M. (2009). Transfigural foundations for a new physics of natural diversity—The variable inclusion of gravitational space in electromagnetic flow-form. Journal of Transfigural Mathematics, 1(2), 109–122.Google Scholar
  35. Smith, B. (1997). Boundaries: An essay in Mereotopology. In L. Hahn (Ed.), The philosophy of Roderick Chisholm (pp. 534–561). La Salle: Open Court.Google Scholar
  36. Taylor, S. (2005). The fall. Winchester, New York: O Books.Google Scholar
  37. Tesson, K.J.A. (2006). Dynamic networks: an interdisciplinary study of network organization in biological and human organizations. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bath.Google Scholar
  38. Valsiner, J. (2009). Baldwin’s quest: A universal logic of development. In J. W. Clegg (Ed.), The observation of human systems—Lessons from the history of anti-reductionist empirical psychology (pp. 45–82). New Brunswick, London: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  39. Walker, E.M. (2003). The confusion of dreams between selves and the other: Non-linear continuities in the social dreaming experience. InW.G. Lawrence (Ed.), Experiences in social dreaming (pp. 215–227). London: Karnac Books.Google Scholar
  40. Wilber, K. (1996). A brief history of everything. Boston: Shambhala Publications.Google Scholar
  41. Wilson, E. O. (1998). Consilience—The unity of knowledge. London: Little, Brown and Company.Google Scholar
  42. Winnicott, D. W. (1965). Maturational Processes and the facilitating environment. London: Hogarth Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bath Bio*ArtBathford, Bath and North East SomersetUK

Personalised recommendations