Advertisement

Robert Nozick on Nonhuman Animals: Rights, Value and the Meaning of Life

  • Josh Milburn
Chapter

Abstract

In his chapter, Josh Milburn argues that Robert Nozick considers nonhuman animals in his philosophical writings, but that these discussions are downplayed in animal ethics and Nozick scholarship. This is regrettable, Milburn proposes, as Nozick is far more sympathetic to animal rights than many other libertarians. Milburn thus offers an analysis of Nozick’s animal ethics. Nozick’s arguments concerning vegetarianism and speciesism are considered, and Milburn argues that tensions in Nozick’s political philosophy potentially open the door to animal rights. Whatever their place in his political philosophy, Milburn contends, nonhuman animals find a comfortable home in Nozick’s axiology and ethics, with their value and the significance of our duties towards them affirmed. Milburn concludes that animal ethicists could learn from Nozick’s distinctive arguments and approaches and find an unexpected ally.

Bibliography

  1. Arneson, R., 2011. Side Constraints, Lockean Individual Rights, and the Moral Basis of Libertarianism. In R. Bader & J. Meadowcroft, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bader, R., 2010. Robert Nozick. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  3. Dombrowski, D., 1997. Babies and Beasts. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  4. Donaldson, S. & Kymlicka, W., 2011. Zoopolis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Donaldson, S. & Kymlicka, W., 2014. Animal Rights, Multiculturalism, and the Left. Journal of Social Philosophy, 45(1), pp. 116–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ebert, R. & Machan, T., 2012. Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 29(2), pp. 146–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Francione, G. & Charlton, A., 2013. Eat Like You Care. Logan, UT: Exempla Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fried, B., 2011. Does Nozick Have a Theory of Property Rights?. In R. Bader & J. Meadowcroft, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Garner, R., 2013. A Theory of Justice for Animals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hadley, J., 2015. Animal Property Rights: A Theory of Habitat Rights for Wild Animals. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  11. Hailwood, S., 1996. Exploring Nozick. Aldershot, England: Avebury.Google Scholar
  12. Horta, O., 2014. The Scope of the Argument from Species Overlap. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 31(2), pp. 142–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnson, K., 1976. Government by Insurance Company: The Antipolitical Philosophy of Robert Nozick. Western Political Quarterly, 29(2), pp. 177–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lacey, A. R., 2001. Robert Nozick. Durham, England: Acumen.Google Scholar
  15. Lomasky, L., 1987. Persons, Rights, and the Moral Community. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Lomasky, L., 2013. Is It Wrong to Eat Animals?. Social Philosophy and Policy, 30(1–2), pp. 177–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Machan, T., 1985. Some Doubts about Animal Rights. Journal of Value Enquiry, 19(1), pp. 73–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Machan, T., 1991. Do Animals Have Rights?. Public Affairs Quarterly, 5(2), pp. 163–73.Google Scholar
  19. Machan, T., 2004. Putting Humans First. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  20. McMahan, J., 2002. The Ethics of Killing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McMahan, J., 2008. Challenges to Human Equality. Journal of Ethics, 12(1), pp. 81–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Milligan, T., 2015. The Political Turn in Animal Rights. Politics and Animals, 1, pp. 6–15.Google Scholar
  23. Milburn, J., 2016. The Demandingness of Nozick’s “Lockean” Proviso. European Journal of Political Theory, 15(3), pp. 276–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nagel, T., 1981. Libertarianism without Foundations. In J. Paul, ed., Reading Nozick. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  25. Narveson, J., 1977. Animal Rights. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 7(1), pp. 161–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Narveson, J., 1987. On a Case for Animal Rights. The Monist, 70(1), pp. 31–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Narveson, J., 1999. Moral Matters. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview.Google Scholar
  28. Nozick, R., 1974. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  29. Nozick, R., 1981. Philosophical Explanations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Nozick, R., 1983. About Mammals and People. New York Times Book Review, p. 11.Google Scholar
  31. Nozick, R., 1993. The Nature of Rationality. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Nozick, R., 1997. Socratic Puzzles. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Nozick, R., 2001. Invariances. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Nozick, R., 2006. The Examined Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  35. Nussbaum, M., 2006. Frontiers of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Okin, S., 1989. Justice, Gender, and the Family. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  37. Pluhar, E., 1995. Beyond Prejudice. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Rachels, J., 1990. Created From Animals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Regan, T., 1983. The Case for Animal Rights. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  40. Sanchez, J., 2001. An Interview with Robert Nozick. URL: www.juliansanchez.com/an-interview-with-robert-nozick-july-26-2001/
  41. Singer, P., 1975. Animal Liberation. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  42. Vallentyne, P., 2011. Nozick’s Libertarian Theory of Justice. In R. Bader & J. Meadowcroft, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Waldron, J., 2005. Nozick and Locke: Filling the Space of Rights. Social Philosophy and Policy, 22(1), pp. 81–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Williams, B., 1981. The Minimal State. In J. Paul, ed., Reading Nozick. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  45. Wissenburg, M., 2014. An Agenda for Animal Political Theory. In M. Wissenburg & D. Schlosberg, eds., Animal Politics and Political Animals. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  46. Wolff, J., 2003. Robert Nozick. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  47. Wündisch, J., 2014. Towards a Right-Libertarian Welfare State. Münster, Germany: Mentis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

Personalised recommendations