Universal Inverse Power-Law Distribution for Temperature and Rainfall in the UK Region

  • Amujuri Mary SelvamEmail author
Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)


Meteorological parameters, such as temperature, rainfall, pressure, etc., exhibit self-similar space-time fractal fluctuations generic to dynamical systems in nature such as fluid flows, spread of forest fires, earthquakes, etc. The power spectra of fractal fluctuations display inverse power-law form signifying long-range correlations. A general systems theory model predicts universal inverse power-law form incorporating the golden ratio for the fractal fluctuations. The model predicted distribution was compared with observed distribution of fractal fluctuations of all size scales (small, large and extreme values) in the historic monthwise temperature (maximum and minimum) and total rainfall for the four stations Oxford, Armagh, Durham and Stornoway in the UK region, for data periods ranging from 92 to 160 years. For each parameter, the two cumulative probability distributions, namely cmax and cmin starting from respectively maximum and minimum data value were used. The results of the study show that (i) temperature distributions (maximum and minimum) follow model predicted distribution except for Stornowy, minimum temperature cmin. (ii) Rainfall distribution for cmin follow model predicted distribution for all the four stations. (iii) Rainfall distribution for cmax follows model predicted distribution for the two stations Armagh and Stornoway. The present study suggests that fractal fluctuations result from the superimposition of eddy continuum fluctuations.


Fractal fluctuations Universal inverse power-law UK region temperature and rainfall 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of IndiaRetired from IITMPuneIndia

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