Environmental Determinism: What Was It?

  • William B. Meyer
  • Dylan M.T. Guss


Environmental determinism pervaded American academic geography in its early years, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, but was largely discarded thereafter. Geographers rejected it much less because of any inherent political slant that it may have possessed—and in fact it seems not to have possessed any—than because of increasing evidence of its inability to explain the facts of nature–society interaction.


Environmental determinism Geography Possibilism 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • William B. Meyer
    • 1
  • Dylan M.T. Guss
    • 2
  1. 1.Colgate UniversityHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.New YorkUSA

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