Environmental Determinism: What Is It?

  • William B. Meyer
  • Dylan M.T. Guss


Environmental determinism can be defined in two ways: as treating the environment as a factor influencing human affairs independently and from the outside, and as an overriding emphasis on the environmental elements in a situation of nature–society interaction. A claim may be determinism without being fatalism (i.e., seeing an environmental factor as always and necessarily producing a certain outcome), and it may be environmental determinism even if the environmental feature in question itself stems in part or whole from human actions.


Environmental determinism Environmental fatalism Nature–society interaction 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • William B. Meyer
    • 1
  • Dylan M.T. Guss
    • 2
  1. 1.Colgate UniversityHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.New YorkUSA

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