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Environmental Determinism: What Is It?

  • William B. Meyer
  • Dylan M.T. Guss
Chapter

Abstract

Environmental determinism can be defined in two ways: as treating the environment as a factor influencing human affairs independently and from the outside, and as an overriding emphasis on the environmental elements in a situation of nature–society interaction. A claim may be determinism without being fatalism (i.e., seeing an environmental factor as always and necessarily producing a certain outcome), and it may be environmental determinism even if the environmental feature in question itself stems in part or whole from human actions.

Keywords

Environmental determinism Environmental fatalism Nature–society interaction 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • William B. Meyer
    • 1
  • Dylan M.T. Guss
    • 2
  1. 1.Colgate UniversityHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.New YorkUSA

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