Skip to main content

Beyond Bureaucracy

  • 668 Accesses

Part of the Public Administration and Information Technology book series (PAIT,volume 25)

Abstract

This chapter describes Beyond Bureaucracy as an emerging research field concerned with radical innovation for governance of juropolitical systems. The grand objective of Beyond Bureaucracy is to act as an incubator for the development of new forms of organisation and new technological artefacts, which would enable transformation of public governance. In this role, Beyond Bureaucracy does not prescribe a concrete outcome, but rather calls for creative ideas, radical visions, and rigorous discussions on how twenty-century technology can serve as a basis for further transformation and radical development. This chapter explains how Beyond Bureaucracy differs from related fields like e-Government or e-Democracy, provides an overview over the state of research in Beyond Bureaucracy, provides links to follow-up literature, and aims to provide a seed vision on the transformation potentials that could be researched-towards in scope of Beyond Bureaucracy.

Keywords

  • Radical Innovation
  • Incremental Innovation
  • Unprecedented Scale
  • Democratic Control
  • Common Wealth

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-54142-6_2
  • Chapter length: 12 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-54142-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    The use of system here does not prescribe/refer to a concrete instance of one single technical system.

  2. 2.

    This vision is not to be mistaken though for similar-sounding endeavours of the past, as e.g. the Soviet All State Automated System of Management OGAS, a failed undertaking whose goal was to network all parts of the Soviet command economy in order to control and steer them centrally (Peters 2016); neither should it be mistaken for the objectives of Leibniz’ mysterious Characteristica Universalis, which partly aimed at mathematically capturing societal relations (cf. Gerhardt 1890).

  3. 3.

    The collective of these systems and their agents is the bureaucracy in the context of BB-research; for an overview over the differing semantics of the term bureaucracy as such, see (Albrow 1970). For similar uses of the term “bureaucracy” as in the context of BB, see (Downs 1967; Graeber 2015).

  4. 4.

    Mind you: even though the political idea of this Eighteenth century slogan was representation through parliaments, one must bear in mind that institutional representation was the peak of democratic engagement possible at that time. New possibilities brought by the twentieth century electronic technologies invite to think of better and more inclusive ways, which might well render parliamentary institutions obsolete. Again, it is a matter of radical innovation [e.g. liquid democratic decision-making (Paulin 2014)] versus incremental innovation [e.g. participatory budgeting (Boukhris et al. 2015), or liquid-democratic policy shaping (Blum and Zuber 2016)].

  5. 5.

    This includes, but is not limited to the beneficiaries of the system of public administration, the political system, the judicial system, the public healthcare system, system of public education, military, etc.

  6. 6.

    I owe this quote to my father, Prof. A. Paulin, who frequently used it to emphasize the paradigm-changing impact twentieth century technologies had on human civilisation.

  7. 7.

    The reactions to which are reflected in diverse data privacy legislation, the institution of information officers, data retention laws, national firewalls, etc.

References

  • Albrow, M., 1970. Bureaucracy. Macmillan, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anderson, B.R.O., 2006. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism, Rev. ed. ed. Verso, London ; New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anthopoulos, L.G., Siozos, P., Tsoukalas, I.A., 2007. Applying participatory design and collaboration in digital public services for discovering and re-designing e-Government services. Government Information Quarterly 24, 353–376. doi:10.1016/j.giq.2006.07.018.

  • Bannister, F., Connolly, R., 2015. The great theory hunt: Does e-government really have a problem? Government Information Quarterly 32, 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.giq.2014.10.003.

  • Bekkers, V., Homburg, V., 2007. The Myths of e-Government: Looking Beyond the Assumptions of a New and Better Government. The Information Society 23, 373–382. doi:10.1080/01972240701572913.

  • Binks, M., 2014. The Crucial Role of Universities in Promoting Radical Innovation, in: Greenaway, D., Rudd, C.D. (Eds.), The Business Growth Benefits of Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 91–108.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blühdorn, I., 2014. Post-Ecologist Governmentability: Post-Democracy, Post-Politics and the Politics of Unsustainability, in: Wilson, J., Swyngedouw, E. (Eds.), The Post-Political and Its Discontents: Spaces of Depoliticisation, Spectres of Radical Politics. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blühdorn, I., 2007. Sustaining the unsustainable: Symbolic politics and the politics of simulation. Environmental Politics 16, 251–275. doi:10.1080/09644010701211759.

  • Blum, C., Zuber, C.I., 2016. Liquid Democracy: Potentials, Problems, and Perspectives: Liquid Democracy. Journal of Political Philosophy 24, 162–182. doi:10.1111/jopp.12065.

  • Boukhris, I., Ayachi, R., Elouedi, Z., Mellouli, S., Amor, N.B., 2015. Decision Model for Policy Makers in the Context of Citizens Engagement: Application on Participatory Budgeting. Social Science Computer Review. doi:10.1177/0894439315618882.

  • Bovens, M., Zouridis, S., 2002. From Street‐Level to System‐Level Bureaucracies: How Information and Communication Technology is Transforming Administrative Discretion and Constitutional Control. Public Administration Review 62, 174–184. doi:10.1111/0033-3352.00168.

  • ccsce.com, 2015. California Remains the World’s 8th Largest Economy.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coursey, D., Norris, D.F., 2008. Models of e‐Government: Are They Correct? An Empirical Assessment. Public Administration Review 68, 523–536. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6210.2008.00888.x.

  • Dikötter, F., 2010. Mao’s great famine: the history of China’s most devastating catastrophe, 1958–1962, 1st U.S. ed. ed. Walker & Co, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Downs, A., 1967. Inside bureaucracy, A Rand Corporation research study. Little, Brown, Boston, Mass.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerhardt, C.J. (Ed.), 1890. Die philosophischen Schriften von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz [The philosophic works of Gottfried W. Leibniz]. Weidmannsche Buchhandlung.

    Google Scholar 

  • Graeber, D., 2015. The utopia of rules: on technology, stupidity, and the secret joys of bureaucracy. Melville House, Brooklyn/ London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hainisch, R., Paulin, A., 2016. Civicracy: Establishing a Competent and Responsible Council of Representatives based on Liquid Democracy, in: Proceedings of the International Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government 2016. Presented at the CeDEM’16: Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government, IEEE, Krems, Austria.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jabbusch, S., 2011. Liquid Democracy in der Piratenpartei - Eine neue Chance für innerparteiliche Demokratie im 21. Jahrhundert? [Liquid Democracy in the Pirate Party - A new Chance for Interparty-Democracy in the 21th Century?]. Universität Greifswald, Philosophische Fakultät, Greifswald.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jensenius, A.R., 2012. Disciplinarities: intra, cross, multi, inter, trans. arj.no.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nijeboer, A., 2013. Liquid Democracy versus Direct Democracy through Initiative and Referendum: Which is Best?.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Reilly, T., 2010. Government as a Platform, in: Lathrop, D., Ruma, L. (Eds.), Open Government - Collaboration, Transparency, and Participation in Practice. pp. 11–39.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Toole, G., 2011. My Customers Would Have Asked for a Faster Horse - Henry Ford? Edward Menge? Lewis Mumford? Sedgewick Seti? Apocryphal? [WWW Document]. Quote Investigator. URL http://quoteinvestigator.com/2011/07/28/ford-faster-horse/ (accessed 8.1.16).

  • Paulin, A., 2017. Informating Public Governance: towards a Basis for a Digital Ecosystem. International Journal of Public Administration in the Digital Age 4. doi:10.4018/IJPADA.2017040102.

  • Paulin, A., 2016. Technological Ecosystems’ Role in Preventing Neo- Feudalism in Smart-City Informatization, in: Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on World Wide Web Companion. Presented at the WWW Conference, Montreal, Canada. doi:10.1145/2872518.288861.

  • Paulin, A., 2015a. Research Agenda towards a Structured and Sustainable Non-Bureaucratic Government, in: Balthasar, A., Golob, B., Hansen, H., König, B., Müller-Török, R., Prosser, A. (Eds.), Independence Day: Time for a European Internet? Proceedings of the Central and Eastern European e-Dem and e-Gov Days 2015, Books@ocg.at. Austrian Computer Soc., Wien.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paulin, A., 2015b. Twenty Years After the Hype: Is e-Government doomed? Findings from Slovenia. International Journal of Public Administration in the Digital Age 2, 1–21. doi:10.4018/ijpada.2015040101.

  • Paulin, A., 2014. Through Liquid Democracy to Sustainable Non-Bureaucratic Government - Harnessing the Power of ICTs for a novel form of Digital Government. JeDEM 6.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paulin, A., 2013. Towards Self-Service Government - A Study on the Computability of Legal Eligibilities. Journal of Universal Computer Science 19, 1761–1791. doi:10.3217/jucs-019-12-1761.

  • Paulin, A., 2012. Secure SQL Server - Enabling Secure Access to Remote Relational Data. arXiv:1201.1081.

  • Paulin, A., Anthopoulos, L. (Eds.), 2017. IJPADA Special Issue: “Reaching Beyond Bureaus: Perspectives and Challenges of Sustainable, Non-Bureaucratic Government,” International Journal of Public Administration in the Digital Age. IGI Global.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peters, B., 2016. How not to network a nation: the uneasy history of the Soviet internet, The information policy. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

    Google Scholar 

  • Raymond, E.S., 1999. The Cathedral & the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary. O’Reilly Media.

    Google Scholar 

  • Reddick, C.G., Turner, M., 2012. Channel choice and public service delivery in Canada: Comparing e-government to traditional service delivery. Government Information Quarterly 29, 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.giq.2011.03.005.

  • Schmidt, A., 2014. Secrecy versus openness: Internet security and the limits of open source and peer production (PhD thesis). TU Delft, Delft, the Netherlands.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scholl, H.J., n.d. About Me| Hans Jochen Scholl [WWW Document]. URL http://faculty.washington.edu/jscholl/about-me/ (accessed 8.1.16).

  • Stember, M., 1991. Advancing the social sciences through the interdisciplinary enterprise. The Social Science Journal 28, 1–14. doi:10.1016/0362-3319(91)90040-B10.1016/0362-3319(91)90040-B.

  • Zuboff, S., 1988. In the age of the smart machine: the future of work and power. Basic Books, New York.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alois Paulin .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Paulin, A. (2017). Beyond Bureaucracy. In: Paulin, A., Anthopoulos, L., Reddick, C. (eds) Beyond Bureaucracy. Public Administration and Information Technology, vol 25. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-54142-6_2

Download citation