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Grasping the Global with One Foot in China: The Rise of Chinese Schools of Management

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education book series (PSGHE)

Abstract

Management education in the People’s Republic of China has expanded rapidly since the 1980s, but it is only recently that some schools of management have aimed to compete internationally with their Western counterparts. Based on an in-depth analysis of faculty recruitment in three prestigious Chinese schools of management, Soulas argues that they adopt the prescriptions of an international field of schools of management in order to become part of it. Instead of turning to a single business school model, however, they each devise local arrangements for their own fields and organization.

Keywords

  • Business school
  • Management education
  • Faculty recruitment
  • China

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Notes

  1. 1.

    In this chapter, I will use the term “school of management” to designate the schools as an empirical reality and differentiate them from the “business school model.” Schools of management can be independent schools (such as many French grandes écoles) or university-based schools (such as the major schools of management in the United States).

  2. 2.

    This work was undertaken for my doctoral thesis in sociology at Université Paris-Est Marne-La-Vallée as part of the ANR PrestEnce. The names of the institutions and the people interviewed for this research have been changed.

  3. 3.

    For an overview, see Gingras (2015).

  4. 4.

    Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) is an association of institutions based in the US that delivers an eponymous label to schools. The EQUIS accreditation is delivered by a European association: the European Foundation for Management Development (EFMD). Unlike the other two, the AMBA accreditation targets the MBA programs and not the schools. It is administrated by the British Association of MBAs.

  5. 5.

    Initially formulated for the analysis of Chinese schools (Soulas 2013), this model is built to elucidate the transformation of all schools of management and facilitate analysis between countries (Soulas and Blanchard 2017).

  6. 6.

    The reports commissioned by the Carnegie and Ford foundations respectively are: F.C. Pierson, The Education of American Businessmen: A Study of University-College Programs in Business Administration, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1959; R.A. Gordon and J.E. Howell, Higher Education for Business, New York, Columbia University Press, 1959.

  7. 7.

    The ranking is based on 18 criteria that determine the score of a given school. Half of the criteria are directly related to the assessment of research emphasis or internationalization, accounting for 40 percent of the total score.

  8. 8.

    I present the history of management education in China in detail in the first two chapters of my doctoral thesis “Business schools made in China. L’émergence des écoles de gestion chinoises” (2016).

  9. 9.

    The gaokao (高考) is the national university entrance examination inherited from the imperial examination tradition. Considered the most extensive exam in the world, it attracts around 10 million applicants every year in mainland China.

  10. 10.

    Two of the famous programs are the “100 people program” of the Academy of Science in 1994 (百人计划, bairen jihua) and the “1000 people program” of the Ministry of Education and the Communist Party in 2008 (千人计划, qianren jihua).

  11. 11.

    Because of the reform of the phonetic writing of Chinese language on the mainland in the 1950s, it is possible to distinguish people from the mainland because their name in letters uses the pinyin transcription.

  12. 12.

    This data was obtained with the names and the university background available in the faculty profiles published by the school. I used the name to distinguish the mainland Chinese from the overseas Chinese (see previous note). The distinction between Hong Kong and Taiwan is based on undergraduate background. “Overseas Chinese” groups together all Chinese whose entire tertiary education was not in a Chinese location (mainland, Hong Kong or Taiwan).

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Soulas, T. (2018). Grasping the Global with One Foot in China: The Rise of Chinese Schools of Management. In: Bloch, R., Mitterle, A., Paradeise, C., Peter, T. (eds) Universities and the Production of Elites. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53970-6_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53970-6_10

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