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The Muslim Brotherhood’s Ideological and Organizational Development

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Abstract

Arafat offers an analysis of the ideological development of the Muslim brotherhood (MB), and its transformation to a Jihadist-leaning group before the 2011 uprising . Focusing on the of the MB , the chapter also draws attention the MB belief system which is based on Jihad (holy war), takfir (the practice of excommunication of Muslims), the application of Shari’a (Islamic law), and its refusal to accept democracy , equal citizenship , and coexistence. ‘The MB’s Ideological and Organizational Development’ concludes by outlining the significant role of the MB in the establishment of Al-Qaeda (and thereafter ISIS and the Syrian Jihadist group Jabhat al-Nusra). Additionally, it is argued that the MB is at a similar stage to that of Turkey in the 1990s, when the military banned Necmettin Erbakan’s Islamic Welfare Party in 1997.

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Correspondence to Alaa Al-Din Arafat .

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Arafat, AD. (2017). The Muslim Brotherhood’s Ideological and Organizational Development. In: The Rise of Islamism in Egypt. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53712-2_3

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