The Metaphysical Insignificance of Gender

  • Malin Grahn-WilderEmail author


This chapter investigates the role of gender in Stoic metaphysics. I place gender within the framework of the Stoic theory of four categories: substance, the qualified, the disposed and the relatively disposed. I show that particularly the second category of the “qualified” proves fruitful for understanding the metaphysical status of gender. This chapter provides an interpretation of the metaphysical insignificance of gender in the Stoic theory. The analysis of relevant passages in the original sources shows that the Stoic metaphysics provides a strong argument for equal rationality of men and women. This chapter also demonstrates that sexuality as such should not be understood as a lower level soul function, but an aspect of the rational soul.


Stoicism Metaphysics Categories Gender Reproduction Insignificance Common qualities Koinos poion Individual qualities Idios poion Genital difference Embryology Pneuma Body Soul Reproduction Fetus 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New YorkUSA

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