Molecular Classification of Breast Cancer

  • Iva BrčićEmail author
  • Marija Balić


Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and it is one of the most intensively studied cancers. Out of all diagnosed breast cancer in women, only a small proportion develops in a familial setting, and for the large majority of women, the risk of developing breast cancer is less known. In this chapter, we describe in situ and invasive breast cancers in detail, referring to different immunohistochemical and molecular events, as well as the molecular classification of this heterogeneous disease. We address most common and well-established biomarkers currently performed in breast cancer diagnostics. Finally, in the last part, we describe the implications of current knowledge on the further directions and address possible future perspectives in breast carcinogenesis.


Breast Cancer Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Androgen Receptor Invasive Breast Cancer Invasive Lobular Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Pathology, Medical University of GrazGrazAustria
  2. 2.Division of Oncology, Department of Internal MedicineMedical University of GrazGrazAustria

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