Skip to main content

Part of the book series: Palgrave Studies in Gender and Education ((GED))

Abstract

Working as an outdoor leader in a profession with a male-dominated history and practice presents unique challenges for women. Women leaders continue to face inequitable work environments, sexual harassment, questioning of their technical outdoor skills and competency, and gender-role stereotyping. In addition, lesbian and gender-nonconforming leaders encounter challenges rooted in heterosexism and transphobia in the outdoor leadership field. This chapter examines some of those challenges using both anecdotal stories and research to uncover lessons for making the outdoor leadership field more accessible and equitable to women outdoor leaders.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 259.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Allin, L. (2003). Women’s reflections on a career in outdoor education. In B. Humberstone, H. Brown, & K. Richards (Eds.), Whose journeys? The outdoors and adventure as social and cultural phenomena (pp. 229–239). Penrith, UK: Institute for Outdoor Learning.

    Google Scholar 

  • Allin, L. (2004). Climbing Mount Everest: Women, career and family in outdoor education. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 8(2), 64–71.

    Google Scholar 

  • Allison, P., & Pomeroy, E. (2000). How shall we “know”? Epistemological concerns in research in experiential education. The Journal of Experimental Education, 23(2), 91–98.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Appling, L. (1989). Women and leadership. National Outdoor Leadership School Staff Conference Proceedings (pp. 9–12). Lander, Wyoming.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bell, M. (1996). Feminists challenging assumptions about outdoor leadership. In K. Warren (Ed.), Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 141–156). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bell, M. (2008). Gendered experience: Social theory and experiential practice. In K. Warren, D. Mitten, & T. A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory and practice of experiential education (pp. 429–444). Association for Experiential Education: Boulder, CO.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clark, S. (2015). Running into trouble: Constructions of danger and risk in girls’ access to outdoor space and physical activity. Sport, Education and Society, 20(8), 1012–1028.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cousineau, L., & Roth, J. (2012). Pervasive patriarchal leadership ideology in seasonal residential summer camp staff. Leadership, 8(4), 421–440.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Edwards, K. (2006). Aspiring social justice ally identity development: A conceptual model. NASPA Journal, 43(4), 39–60.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frauman, E., & Washam, J. (2013). The role of gender as it relates to confidence among university outdoor programs’ staff. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 119–123.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frohlick, S. (2006). ‘Wanting the children and wanting K2’: The incommensurability of motherhood and mountaineering in Britain and North America in the late twentieth century. Gender, Place & Culture, 13(5), 477–490.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jordan, D. (1992). Effective leadership for girls and women in outdoor recreation. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 63(2), 61–64.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Loeffler, T. A. (1995). Factors that influence women’s career development in outdoor leadership. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loeffler, T. A. (1996a). Leading the way: Strategies that enhance women’s involvement in experiential education careers. In K. Warren (Ed.), Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 94–103). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loeffler, T. A. (1996b). Sexual harassment and experiential education programs: A closer look. In K. Warren (Ed.), Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 213–225). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loeffler, T. A. (1997). Assisting women in developing a sense of competency in outdoor programs. The Journal of Experimental Education, 20(3), 119–123.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lugg, A. (2003). Women’s experience of outdoor education: Still trying to be ‘one of the boys’. In B. Humberstone, H. Brown, & K. Richards (Eds.), Whose journeys? The outdoors and adventure as social and cultural phenomena (pp. 33–47). Penrith, UK: Institute for Outdoor Learning.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitten, D. (1985). A philosophical basis for a women’s outdoor adventure program. The Journal of Experimental Education, 8(2), 20–24.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mitten, D., Warren, K., Lotz, E., & d’Amore, C. (2012). The hidden curriculum in adventure education: A Delphi study. In Proceedings of the 2012 symposium on experiential education research (pp. 37–40). Madison, WI: AEE.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mulqueen, M. (1995). On our own terms: Redefining competence and femininity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pinch, K. J. (2007). Of course you have power Batwoman…but don’t forget your purse! The Journal of Experimental Education, 29(3), 418–423.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Roberts, N. (1996). Women of color in experiential education: Crossing cultural boundaries. In K. Warren (Ed.), Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 226–240). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sternberg, R. J., & Kolligian, J. (Eds.). (1990). Competence considered. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tyson, L., & Asmus, K. (2008). Deepening the paradigm of choice: Exploring choice and power in experiential education. In K. Warren, D. Mitten, & T. A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory and practice of experiential education (pp. 262–281). Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

    Google Scholar 

  • Warren, K. (1985). Women’s outdoor adventures: Myth and reality. The Journal of Experimental Education, 8(2), 10–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Warren, K. (2012). Should people of color be encouraged to participate in current outdoor adventure programs. In M. Wagstaff & B. Martin (Eds.), Controversial issues in adventure programming (pp. 111–125). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Warren, K. (2016). Gender in outdoor studies. In B. Humberstone, H. Prince, & K. A. Henderson (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of outdoor studies (pp. 360–368). New York, NY: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Warren, K., & Loeffler, T. A. (2006). Factors that influence women’s technical skill development. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Leadership, 6(2), 107–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wright, M., & Gray, T. (2013). The hidden turmoil: Females achieving longevity in the outdoor learning profession. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 16(2), 12–23.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Warren, K., Risinger, S., Loeffler, T. (2018). Challenges Faced by Women Outdoor Leaders. In: Gray, T., Mitten, D. (eds) The Palgrave International Handbook of Women and Outdoor Learning. Palgrave Studies in Gender and Education. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53550-0_15

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53550-0_15

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-53549-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-53550-0

  • eBook Packages: EducationEducation (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics