Agglomeration of Bohemians Across Different Spatial Scales in Slovenia

  • Jani KozinaEmail author
  • David Bole
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 123)


Places of artistic production and consumption exist in a great variety of spatial forms and have received significant attention in recent decades, as many cities and towns turned to the arts as a substitute for the declining industrial base. A number of studies examined the agglomeration perspectives of the cultural and creative sector, but they rarely addressed it across different spatial scales. The objective of this chapter was to empirically investigate agglomerations of ‘bohemians’, who represent a more ‘artistic’ and smaller sub-sector of the larger ‘creative class’, closely related to the concept of ‘creative industries’, across regional, local, and neighbourhood scales in the state context of Slovenia (regional and local scale) and the city context of its capital, Ljubljana (within city districts and local communities). Our results showed that despite the strong concentration patterns of bohemians, there has been a slight tendency in the last decade for them to disperse across all the spatial scales. The representation on higher geographical scales provides a more transparent image with smoothed local variations that can be roughly explained by the general socio-economic characteristics, whereas the lower scales can unveil far more complex previously invisible cultural spaces and their (de)concentration tendencies, explained by specific and path-dependent development. We discussed the need to apply the multi-scalar approach as a tool of the multilevel-governance system in addressing the challenges related to the ‘rise’ of a new cultural landscape.


Creative class Creative industries Bohemians Artists Multi-scalar approach Slovenia Ljubljana 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anton Melik Geographical InstituteResearch Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsLjubljanaSlovenia

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