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Nano Based Photocatalytic Degradation of Pharmaceuticals

  • Giusy Lofrano
  • Giovanni Libralato
  • Sanjay K. Sharma
  • Maurizio Carotenuto
Chapter

Abstract

The removal of emerging contaminants from wastewater is urgently required and even more necessary for wastewater reuse. Since conventional WWTPs are not designed to treat water polluted with pharmaceuticals present at trace levels, the applied treatments are mostly ineffective in their removal. Therefore the use of more efficient processes for removing or improving the biodegradability of these compounds has become necessary. Among several advanced oxidation process, nano based photocatalytic processes represent a challenging alternative for pharmaceuticals removal due to its capacity to utilize the solar radiation as the light source, thus reducing significantly electric power required and therefore saving treatment costs and to operate without pH adjustment. This chapter is aimed at describing the state of the art in the heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of pharmaceuticals using different nano particles (NPs).

Keywords

Nanoparticles Emerging contaminants Catalysts Nanomaterials 

Abbreviations

Abbreviations

Pharmaceuticals

ACY

Acyclovir

AMI

Amiloride

AMX

Amoxicillin

AMP

Ampicillin

ATL

Atenolol

B

Bendroflumethiazide

CBZ

Bendroflumethiazide

CAP

Chloramphenicol

CIP

Ciprofloxacin

CLX

Cloxacillin

CDN

Codeine

DCF

Diclofenac

ERY

Erythromycin

ERYA

Erythromycylamine

ETA

Ethacrynic acid

FLU

Flumequine

F

Furosemide

IBP

Ibuprofene

LEVO

Levofloxacin

LNC

Lincomycin

LZP

Lorazepam

MT

Metronidazole

MOX

Moxifloxacin

Naproxen

NPX

NOR

Norfloxacin

OFL

Ofloxacin

OXA

Oxacillin

PRC

Paracetamol

PZQ

Praziquantel

RIF

Rifampicin

SMT

Sulfanethazine

SMX

Sulfamethoxazole

TC

Tetracycline

TYL

Tylosine

VAN

Vancomycin

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giusy Lofrano
    • 1
  • Giovanni Libralato
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sanjay K. Sharma
    • 4
  • Maurizio Carotenuto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiologyUniversity of SalernoFisciano, SalernoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and StatisticsUniversity Cà Foscari VeniceVenezia-MestreItaly
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of Naples Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. AngeloNaplesItaly
  4. 4.Green Chemistry and Sustainability Research Group, Department of ChemistryJECRC UniversityJaipurIndia

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