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Environmental Effects of nZVI for Land and Groundwater Remediation

  • G. LibralatoEmail author
  • A. Costa Devoti
  • A. Volpi Ghirardini
  • D. A. L. Vignati
Chapter

Abstract

The development of nanostructured materials enable the upgrade of traditional treatment with macro- and micro-sized iron. Nano-zerovalent iron (nZVI) present interesting characteristics like high surface-area-to-volume ratio, levels of stepped surface, and surface energies. nZVI is typically made of 5-40 nm sized Fe0/Fe-oxide particles and can rapidly transform many environmental contaminants into less harmful products (e.g. dehalogenation or metal reduction) being promising as an in situ remediation agent. We present the state-of-the-art of nZVI based treatment technologies considering their environmental and (eco-)toxicological implications.

Keywords

Land remediation nZVI Dehalogenation Reduction Ecotoxicology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Libralato
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Costa Devoti
    • 2
  • A. Volpi Ghirardini
    • 2
  • D. A. L. Vignati
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and StatisticsUniversity Ca’ Foscari VeniceMestre-VeniceItaly
  3. 3.LIEC UMR 7360CNRS and Université de LorraineMetzFrance

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