Advertisement

The SeArch Project: Towards an Assessment Methodology and Sustainable Management Policy for the Archaeological Heritage of the North Sea in Belgium

  • Tine MissiaenEmail author
  • Marnix Pieters
  • Frank Maes
  • Pauline Kruiver
  • Philippe De Maeyer
  • Jan Seys
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 20)

Abstract

Large parts of the Belgian continental shelf (BCP) are affected by commercial activities. Close to the shore, major infrastructural works are also envisaged for the near future. All these activities constitute a serious threat for the underwater cultural heritage (UCH) but until recently solid regulation regarding UCH was (and largely still is) lacking in Belgium. The SeArch project tries to offer solutions to these challenges through the realisation of three objectives: (1) developing a reliable survey methodology based on remote sensing techniques that allows cost-effective evaluation of the archaeological potential of offshore, nearshore, and intertidal areas; (2) preparing correct implementation of the commitments imposed by international conventions and of comprehensive proposals for a transparent and sustainable management policy for UCH in Belgium; (3) offering guidance for the stakeholders from marine industry, government agencies, fisheries, and harbour authorities on how to implement the new methodology and management approach, and to increase the general awareness with regards to UCH. The 4-year SeArch project started in 2013 and involves partners from Ghent University, Flanders Heritage Agency, Deltares and Flanders Marine Institute. In this paper we discuss the main scientific challenges of the project and some first results.

Keywords

Sustainable management Survey methodology Belgian continental shelf Underwater cultural heritage 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The SeArch project (www.sea-arch.be) is funded by the Flanders Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT).

References

  1. BMAPA and English Heritage (2003) Marine aggregate dredging and the historic environment: guidance note. British Marine Aggregate Producers Association and English Heritage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. De Clercq M, Vos P, Missiaen T, Pieters M (2013) Archeologische en geo-archeologische indicatoren. Unpublished Internal Report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  3. Demerre I, Pieters M, Van Haelst S (2014) Gekelderd Erfgoed. West-Hinder HMS Wakeful: Allereerste Beschermde Scheepswrakken Ruimte 22:65–66Google Scholar
  4. Derudder T, Maes F (2014) Assessment of the actual legal situation in Belgium. Unpublished internal report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  5. Douvere F, Maes F, Vanhulle A, Schrijvers J (2007) The role of marine spatial planning in sea use management. The Belgian case. Mar Policy 31(2):182–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Incoul A, De Maeyer P, De Wit B, De Wulf A, Missiaen T, Nuttens T, Stal C, Van den Berghe M (2014) Preserving the archaeological heritage of the North Sea using innovative data acquisition techniques and webGIS. In: Mees J, Seys J (eds) Book of abstracts – VLIZ Young Scientists’ Day, 7 March 2015, Brugge. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee – Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) Special Publication 67, Oostende, p 69Google Scholar
  7. Innomar Technologie (2015) SES-2000 multi-transducer sub-bottom profiler system for 3D investigation of buried structures. http://www.innomar.com/ses2000quattro.php
  8. Khakzad S (2015) Integrated approach in management of coastal cultural heritage. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of LeuvenGoogle Scholar
  9. Kruiver P, Zurita Hurtado O, Diaferia G, Missiaen T (2013) Non-conventional survey techniques for marine archaeological investigations. Unpublished Internal Report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  10. Maes F, Derudder, T (2014) Assessment of international and European law related to or affecting underwater cultural heritage. Unpublished internal report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  11. Maes F, Seys J (2014) Ruimtelijke Planning op zee: waar België goed in is. Grote Rede Nieuws Over Onze Kust Zee 39:15–21Google Scholar
  12. Mathys M (2009) The Quaternary geological evolution of the Belgian continental shelf, southern North Sea, geology and soil science. PhD thesis, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  13. Missiaen, T (2015) Efficiency of marine acoustic techniques for the archaeological prospection of intertidal areas: results from a test study on the Belgian coast (Ostend-Raversijde). IEE/OES Acoustics in Underwater Geosciences Symposium, 29–31 July 2015, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Conference ProceedingsGoogle Scholar
  14. Missiaen T, Murphy S, Loncke L, Henriet J-P (2002) Very high resolution seismic mapping of shallow gas in the Belgian coastal zone. Cont Shelf Res 22(16):2291–2301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Missiaen T, Demerre I, Verrijken V (2012) Integrated assessment of the buried wreck site of The Dutch East Indiaman ‘t Vliegent Hart. Relicta – Archeologie Monumenten- Landschapsonderzoek Vlaanderen 9:191–208Google Scholar
  16. Pieters M, Demerre I, Zeebroek I (2006) Dijk uit de Romeinse tijd aangesneden onder het middeleeuwse vissersdorp Walraversijde. In: Bosman A, De Clercq W, Hoevenberg J (eds) Romeinendag. Jaarlijks Belgisch congres voor Romeinse archeologie, pp 93–97Google Scholar
  17. Pieters M, Demerre I, Lenaerts T, Zeebroek I, De Bie M, De Clercq W, Dickinson B, Monsieur P (2010) De Noordzee: een waardevol archief onder water Meer dan 100 jaar onderzoek van strandvondsten en vondsten uit zee in België: een overzicht. Relicta – Archeologie Monumenten- Landschapsonderzoek Vlaanderen 6:177–218Google Scholar
  18. Russell M, Firth A (2007) Working alongside the marine historic environment – an aggregate dredging industry perspective. CEDA Dredging Days 2007. Central Dredging Association, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  19. Stal C, Nuttens T, De Maeyer P, De Wulf A (2013) Digital surface modelling of the intertidal zone (Lidar). Unpublished Internal Report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  20. Vermeersch J, Demerre I, Pieters M, Van Haelst S, De Hauwere, N (2015) Paleontologische resten afkomstig uit het Belgische deel van de Noordzee of aangetroffen op de aanpalende stranden. Unpublished Internal Report SeArch project, Onroerend ErfgoedGoogle Scholar
  21. Wenban-Smith F (2002) Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Archaeology on the sea-bed: marine aggregate dredging and the historic environment. Wessex Archaeology ReportGoogle Scholar
  22. Wessex Archaeology (2007) Historic environment guidance for the offshore renewable industry sector. Commissioned by COWRIE Ltd (project ARCH-11-05). http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/energy-and-infrastructure/downloads/cowrie/
  23. Zeebroek I, Pieters M, Andrés-Lacueva C, Caluwé D, David J, Deforce K, Haneca K, Lamuela-Raventós R, Lenaerts T, Medina Remón A, Mees F, Missiaen T, Muylaert L, Op de Beeck E, Streel M, Van den Haute P, van Hees M, Wauters E (2010) Een 18de-eeuwse wraksite op de Buiten Ratel-Zandbank (Belgische territoriale wateren)(I): multidisciplinair onderzoek van het vondstenmateriaal. Relicta – Archeologie Monumenten – Landschapsonderzoek Vlaanderen 6:237–327Google Scholar
  24. Zurita Hurtado O, Missiaen T, Kruiver, P (2013) Acoustic survey techniques for marine archaeological investigations. Unpublished Internal Report SeArch project, Ghent UniversityGoogle Scholar
  25. Zurita Hurtado O, Missiaen T, De Clercq M, Versteeg W, Kruiver P, de Kleine M (2014) Comparative seismic source study for buried palaeolandscape investigations in the southern North Sea. EAGE First Applied Shallow Marine Geophysics Conference, 14–18 Sept 2014, Athens (Greece), Conference Abstract 06Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tine Missiaen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marnix Pieters
    • 2
  • Frank Maes
    • 3
  • Pauline Kruiver
    • 4
  • Philippe De Maeyer
    • 5
  • Jan Seys
    • 6
  1. 1.Renard Centre of Marine Geology, Department of GeologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Flanders Heritage AgencyBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Maritime Institute, Department of Public International LawGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Geology and Geophysics, DeltaresUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.CartoGIS, Department of GeographyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  6. 6.Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)OstendBelgium

Personalised recommendations