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FtsZ-ring Architecture and Its Control by MinCD

  • Piotr SzwedziakEmail author
  • Debnath Ghosal
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 84)

Abstract

In bacteria and archaea, the most widespread cell division system is based on the tubulin homologue FtsZ protein, whose filaments form the cytokinetic Z-ring. FtsZ filaments are tethered to the membrane by anchors such as FtsA and SepF and are regulated by accessory proteins. One such set of proteins is responsible for Z-ring’s spatiotemporal regulation, essential for the production of two equal-sized daughter cells. Here, we describe how our still partial understanding of the FtsZ-based cell division process has been progressed by visualising near-atomic structures of Z-rings and complexes that control Z-ring positioning in cells, most notably the MinCDE and Noc systems that act by negatively regulating FtsZ filaments. We summarise available data and how they inform mechanistic models for the cell division process.

Keywords

FtsZ FtsA Bacterial cell division Z-ring structure MinCD copolymers Cytomotive filaments Cell constriction Liposome constriction Sliding filaments CryoET Tomography Collaborative filaments 

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology & BiophysicsETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Broad Center for the Biological SciencesCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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