Closure Techniques

  • Shah-Naz H. KhanEmail author
  • Andrew J. Ringer


Safe and effective closure of arterial access is critical for a successful procedure. Operators should be familiar with multiple techniques as none are perfect and ineffective closure may result in serious blood loss, hypotensive crises and may require blood transfusion or surgical intervention.


Angioseal Femostop Manual compression Percutaneous closure devices ACT Complications 

Suggested Readings

  1. 1.
    Angioseal User Manual. St Jude Medical, Minnetonka, MN.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schneider PA. Endovascular skills. Guidewire and catheter skills for endovascular surgery. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc; 2003. p. 335–45.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of General and Endovascular Neurosurgery (IGEN)FlintUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, College of Human MedicineMichigan State UniversityFlintUSA
  3. 3.Mayfield ClinicChief of Neurosciences, TriHealth SystemCincinnatiUSA

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