Endovascular interventions solely or in conjunction with other modalities, e.g., surgery, radiation, or a combination of these, play a crucial role in management of various vascular malformations. Embolic agents for this purpose include coils, Onyx®, PVA, and NBCA. Familiarity with these agents and catheters compatible with them for usage is important.
KeywordsTherapeutic embolization Palliative treatment Transarterial embolization Transvenous embolization Superior ophthalmic vein AVM AVF CCF Coils Onyx NBCA PVA DMSO-compatible catheters Double-injection technique in AVM
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