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Vascular Malformations

  • Shah-Naz H. KhanEmail author
  • Andrew J. Ringer
Chapter

Abstract

Endovascular interventions solely or in conjunction with other modalities, e.g., surgery, radiation, or a combination of these, play a crucial role in management of various vascular malformations. Embolic agents for this purpose include coils, Onyx®, PVA, and NBCA. Familiarity with these agents and catheters compatible with them for usage is important.

Keywords

Therapeutic embolization Palliative treatment Transarterial embolization Transvenous embolization Superior ophthalmic vein AVM AVF CCF Coils Onyx NBCA PVA DMSO-compatible catheters Double-injection technique in AVM 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of General and Endovascular Neurosurgery (IGEN)FlintUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, College of Human MedicineMichigan State UniversityFlintUSA
  3. 3.Mayfield ClinicChief of Neurosciences, TriHealth SystemCincinnatiUSA

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