The Detailed Structure of Local Entrepreneurial Networks: Experimental Economic Study
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Economic agents’ behavior during the last 40 years had tremendously changed from perfect competition to cooperation between them, and coopetition phenomenon was revealed. This phenomenon is always based on the certain entrepreneurial network. The paper is focused on entrepreneurial networks which are geographically localized. Such networks are formed as a result of two different types of cooperation: production cluster cooperation and cooperation in a community. The main goal of the present study is to find differences between internal structures of these two types entrepreneurial networks. Data was collected using experimental economic techniques, it was represented in the form of transactions between network agents and was aggregated over the certain time period. Social Network Analysis (SNA) methods and instruments were used in this research. Detailed structure analysis was based on the set of quantitative parameters such as density, diameter, clustering coefficient, different kinds of centrality, and etc. The entrepreneurial networks of two production clusters and three cooperative communities were under investigation. These networks were compared with each other and also with random Bernoulli graphs of the corresponding size and density. It was found that cooperative community networks are more random and dense than the production cluster ones and their other parameters also differ. Discovered variations of network structures are explained by the peculiarities of agents functioning in these two type networks.
KeywordsEconomic network Entrepreneurial network Social network analysis Experimental economics Communications Coopetition Localization Local payment system
Present study was carried out under financial support of the Russian Fund of Fundamental Research grant №. 15-06-04863 “Mathematical models of local payment system lifecycles”.
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