Advertisement

Ethiopia, China, and the West

  • Aaron TesfayeEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides an assessment of the triangular relationship between Ethiopia, China, and the West and its impact on security on the Horn of Africa. Examining how geo-politics has impacted over time upon the policy options of external states like China and the United States with regard to Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, and the way that successive governments in Addis Ababa have sought to mobilize support or thwart interference from these external states is a key to understanding regional peace and security.

Keywords

Chinese foreign policy US foreign policy African security Horn of Africa Cold War Sudan Somalia Eritrea Meles Zenawi Haile Selassie 

Bibliography

  1. Aalen, L. 2006. “Ethnic Federalism and Self-Determination for Nationalities in a Semi-Authoritarian State: The Case of Ethiopia,” International Journal of Minorities and Group Rights 13: 243–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abota, A. 2006. “Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy under Emperor Haile Selassie I: An Appraisal” Master’s thesis, Addis Ababa University.Google Scholar
  3. Adem, S. 2012. “China in Ethiopia: Diplomacy and Economics of Sino-Optimism,” African Studies Review 55, no. 1: 143–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Allo, A. K. 2010. “Ethiopia’s Armed Intervention in Somalia: The Legality of Self-Defense in Response to the Threat of Terrorism,” Denver Journal of International Law and Policy 39.Google Scholar
  5. Berhane, D. 2013. “China Provides $1 Billion for Renaissance Dam Transmissions Lines,” Horn Affairs, April 26, 2013. http://danielberhane.com/2013/04/26/nile-china-finance-billion-dollar-renaissance-dam/.
  6. Boden, C. 2015. “China in Talks with Djibouti on Establishing Logistics Base,” Associate Press, (AP) 11/26/2015.Google Scholar
  7. Buzan, B., and O. Waever. 2003. Regions and Power: The Structures of International Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cabestan, J. P. 2012. “China and Ethiopia: Authoritarian Affinities and Economic Cooperation,” China Perspectives 2012, no. 4.Google Scholar
  9. Davidson, W. 2013. “Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan Mull New Probe Nile Dam Impact,” Bloomberg News, October 21.Google Scholar
  10. De Palva, B. 2011. “France: National Involvement in the Indian Ocean Region,” Future Directions International, Strategic Analysis Paper, 5 December.Google Scholar
  11. Federal Republic of Ethiopia. 2010. “Ministry of Finance and Economic Development,” Growth and Transformation Plan, Volume I (Addis Ababa).Google Scholar
  12. Genyi, G. A. 2015. “South Sudan: Resolving Conflicts in Africa – A Test Case for China,” Conflict Studies Quarterly 13: 17–28.Google Scholar
  13. Hackenesch, C. 2011. Competing for Development? The European Union and China in Ethiopia. Discussion Paper, Center for Chinese studies, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, November.Google Scholar
  14. Hang, Z. 2014. “Testing the Limits: China’s Expanding Role in the South Sudanese Civil War,” China Brief 14, no. 19.Google Scholar
  15. He, W. 2006. “Moving Forward with the Time: The Evolution of China’s African Policy”, paper presented for Workshop on China-Africa Relations: Engaging the International Discourse Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Center on China’s Transnational Relations, November 11–12.Google Scholar
  16. Healey, S. 2011. “Seeking Peace and Security in the Horn of Africa: The Contribution of Intergovernmental Authority on Development,” International Affairs 87, no. 1: 105–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Intergovernmental Authority on Development. 2011. “Cooperation with China,” 21 November 2011. http://igad.int/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=370:cooperation-with-china&catid=46:executive-secretary&Itemid=123.
  18. International Crisis Group. 2015. “South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process,” Africa Report no. 228, July.Google Scholar
  19. Kimenyi, M., J.M. Mbaku, and N. Moyo. 2010. “Reconstituting Africa’s Failed States: The Case of Somalia,” Social Research 77: 4.Google Scholar
  20. Lee, J. 2015. “China Comes to Djibouti: Why Washington Should Be Worried,” Foreign Affairs, April 23.Google Scholar
  21. Martina, M., and D. Brunnstrom. 2015. “China’s Xi Says to Commit 8,000 Troops for U.N. Peacekeeping Force,” Reuters, 28 September 2015. http://news.yahoo.com/chinas-xi-says-commit-8-000-troops-u-160032557.html
  22. Mathews, K. 2013. “China and UN Peacekeeping Operations in Africa,” in Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu eds., China-Africa Relations: Governance, Peace and Security. Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University and Zhejiang Normal University.Google Scholar
  23. Mesfin, M. 2011. “Ethiopia: Chinese Firm Eyes Gas Export from Calub Through Berbera,” All Africa.com, 25 July 2011. http://allafrica.com/stories/201107270752.html.
  24. Metafria, G. 2008. Ethiopia and the United States: History, Diplomacy, and Analysis. New York: Algora Press.Google Scholar
  25. Moller, L. 2015. “Ethiopia’s Great Run: The Growth Acceleration and How to Pace It” working paper, Washington, DC: World Bank Group.Google Scholar
  26. Schraeder, P. 1996. United States Foreign Policy Towards Africa: Incrementalism, Crisis and Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Somaliland Press. 2011. “Somaliland, Ethiopia and China to Sign Trilateral Deals,” August 14.Google Scholar
  28. Tekle, A. 1989. “The Determinants of the Foreign Policy of Revolutionary Ethiopia,” Journal of Modern African Studies 27, no. 3: 479–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tesfaye, A. 2012. “Environmental Security, Regime Building and International Law in the Nile Basin,” Canadian Journal of African Studies 46, no. 2.Google Scholar
  30. USAID. 2015. “Agriculture and Food Security” https://www.usaid.gov/et. Accessed 1 December 2015.
  31. Yin, H. 2007. China’s Changing Policy on UN Peacekeeping Operations. Stockholm: Institute for Security and Development Policy.Google Scholar
  32. Young, J. 1999. “Ethiopia’s Western Frontier: Gambella and Benishangul in Transition,” Journal of Modern African Studies 37, no. 2: 321–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Political Science DepartmentWilliam Paterson UniversityWayneUSA

Personalised recommendations