Liability Related Electronic Control Deficiencies

  • James E. SmallEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Fire book series (BRIEFSFIRE)


  1. (1)

    Connector requirement and specifications are misunderstood:

    1. (a)

      Connectors are often chosen for a new design due to their success in a previous similar design without adequate FMEA (Failure Mode Effects Analysis). It is often the case that more of the available connections within a connector are used in a new application, without realizing the current rating of each conductor may be adversely affected.



Dendritic Growth Connector Requirement Power Relay Relay Switching Wire Gage 
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  1. 1.
    Small, James, E., Vicars, Richard J, Plastic Enclosed Printed Circuit Boards: “A Potentially Perilous Combination,” Product Compliance Engineering (ISPCE), 2010 IEEE Symposium on 18–20 Oct. 2010, doi: 10.1109/PSES.2010.5637815
  2. 2.
    Bumiller, E and Hillman, Hillman, Dr. Craig, “Review of Models for Time-to-Failure Due to Metallic Migration Mechanisms”, Last accessed June, 2016,
  3. 3.
    S.W. Chaikin, J. Janney, EM. Church, and C.W. McClelland, “Silver Migration and Printed Wiring,” Indust. Eng. Chem., vol. 51, p. 299, 1959Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fort WayneUSA

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