How to Analyse the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Democracies

  • Leonardo Morlino
  • Francesco Raniolo


How to analyse the impact of economic crises on democracies in the South Europe? The theoretical framework of this key question is, first of all, set up by addressing the problem of how to define, specify and measure the impact of the independent variable: the economic crisis. In doing so the specificities of the Great Recession starting in about 2008 are emphasized also vis-à-vis the management of previous twentieth-century economic crises. After a short overview of the most recent literature, the focus goes on to the definition of the dependent variables, that is, of the dimensions or specific qualities contemporary democracies can vary. In particular, the chapter emphasizes the role of the two critical classic qualities, participation and competition with its sub-dimensions. The central explanatory hypothesis suggests that the actual impact depends on the effective existence of background conditions for change, and accordingly, the economic crisis has a catalysing effect on those conditions.


Quality of democracy Participation Competition Catalysing effect 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Morlino
    • 1
  • Francesco Raniolo
    • 2
  1. 1.Prof Political Science, Vice RectorLUISS Guido CarliRomaItaly
  2. 2.Scienze Politiche e SocialiUniversità della CalabriaArcavacata di RendeItaly

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