Phosphorus and Phosphates

  • Brian K. BirkyEmail author


Phosphate rock extraction from its ore, and its subsequent conversion into fertilizer materials and industrial chemicals, is a relatively mature art. While production of phosphoric acid from sedimentary phosphate rock via the “wet process” dominates the industry, the geology and mineralogy of source rock varies, and many processing choices are available. Changing global economics, social and environmental pressures affect modern market conditions. This chapter discusses phosphate mineralogy, deposits, mining, beneficiation, production, value, chemical processing technologies, products, by-products, and environmental factors.


Phosphorus Phosphate Francolite Thermal process Improved Hard process Wet process Phosphoric acid Dihydrate Hemihydrate Diammonium phosphate Phosphogypsum Fluorine Cadmium Rare earth elements 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research InstituteFlorida Polytechnic UniversityBartowUSA

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