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Structure, Function and Dynamics of Chromatin

  • Kirti PrakashEmail author
Chapter
  • 668 Downloads
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Chromatin is a DNA-protein polymer, which consists of DNA, structural proteins, non-structural proteins and RNA. During interphase, chromatin encodes the information necessary to maintain the primary functions of the cells. At the same time, the cell holds in a relatively small volume (roughly 4000 \(\upmu \mathrm{m}^3\) of diameter for the nucleus) the entire genome, which is billions of base pairs long and roughly 3 m in length when completely unfolded. Moreover, information needs to be retrieved from this highly condensed structure when a gene needs to be expressed at a fast pace.

Keywords

Histone Modification Chromatin Organisation Chromatin Domain Chromosome Territory Chromatin Fibre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB)MainzGermany

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