A Comparison Between Recycled Spent Zeolite and Calcite Limestone for Manganese Removal

  • Adarlene M. Silva
  • Rodrigo S. Figueiredo
  • Versiane A. LeaoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The current work initially investigated the manganese removal by sorption in a recycled spent zeolite (faujasite) used in the oil industry. Equilibrium adsorption was described by the Langmuir isotherm (r2 > 0.99) with a maximum loading of 10.9 mg/g-zeolite. The performance of the spent zeolite was compared with that of limestone (a low cost sorbent). In this latter case, equilibrium sorption was also modelled using the Langmuir isotherms with 1.03 mg/g-limestone as maximum uptake. Fixed-bed sorption on both materials was also studied and solid loadings increased with the aqueous metal concentration. The Thomas model was selected to describe the breakthrough curves and showed good correlation with the experimental data for both samples and indicated a maximum solid uptake of 0.33 mg/g-solid in faujasite and 0.03 mg/g in limestone.


Spent zeolite Limestone Manganese Fixed-bed Sorption 



Funding provided by Vale and the agencies FINEP, CAPES, CNPq and FAPEMIG are acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Silva, A. M., Cruz, F. L. S., Lima, R. M. F., Teixeira, M. C., & Leão, V. A. (2010). Manganese and limestone interactions during mine water treatment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181(1–3), 514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kothari, N. (1988). Groundwater, iron and manganese—An unwelcome trio. Water-Engineering & Management, 135(2), 25–26.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jimenez, R. S., Bosco, S. M. D., Carvalho, W. A. (2004). Remoção de metais pesados de efluentes aquosos pela zeólita escolecita - Influência da temperatura e do pH na adsorção em sistemas monoelementares. Química Nova 27, 734–738.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Omri, A., & Benzina, M. (2012). Removal of manganese(II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption on activated carbon derived a new precursor: Ziziphus spina-christi seeds. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 51(4), 343–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Taffarel, S. R., & Rubio, J. (2009). On the removal of Mn2+ ions by adsorption onto natural and activated Chilean zeolites. Minerals Engineering, 22(4), 336–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Taffarel, S. R., & Rubio, J. (2010). Removal of Mn2+ from aqueous solution by manganese oxide coated zeolite. Minerals Engineering, 23(14), 1131–1138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aziz, H. A., Adlan, M. N., & Ariffin, K. S. (2008). Heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cu and Cr(III)) removal from water in Malaysia: Post treatment by high quality limestone. Bioresource Technology, 99(6), 1578–1583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sdiri, A., & Higashi, T. (2013). Simultaneous removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by natural limestones. Applied Water Science, 3(1), 29–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Verbinnen, B., Block, C., Van Caneghem, J., & Vandecasteele, C. (2015). Recycling of spent adsorbents for oxyanions and heavy metal ions in the production of ceramics. Waste Management, 45, 407–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pokonova, Y. V. (2012). Adsorbents from spent zeolites. Solid Fuel Chemistry, 46(3), 179–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chu, K. H. (2010). Fixed bed sorption: Setting the record straight on the Bohart-Adams and Thomas models. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 177(1–3), 1006–1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Silva, A. M., Cordeiro, F. C. M., Cunha, E. C., & Leão, V. A. (2012). Fixed-bed and stirred-tank studies of manganese sorption by calcite limestone. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 51(38), 12421–12429.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Han, X., Wang, W., & Ma, X. (2011). Adsorption characteristics of methylene blue onto low cost biomass material lotus leaf. Chemical Engineering Journal, 171(1), 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vukojević Medvidović, N., Perić, J., Trgo, M., & Mužek, M. N. (2007). Removal of lead ions by fixed bed of clinoptilolite—The effect of flow rate. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 105(3), 298–304.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cooney, D. O. (1999). Adsorption design for wastewater treatment (p. 190). Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adarlene M. Silva
    • 1
  • Rodrigo S. Figueiredo
    • 1
  • Versiane A. Leao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Ouro PretoOuro PretoBrazil

Personalised recommendations