Policy Implications of Virtual Work

Part of the series Dynamics of Virtual Work pp 273-295


The Legal Protection of Crowdworkers: Four Avenues for Workers’ Rights in the Virtual Realm

  • Jeremias PrasslAffiliated withFaculty of Law and Magdalen College, University of Oxford
  • , Martin RisakAffiliated withDepartment of Labour Law and Law of Social Security, University of Vienna

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The rapid ascent of crowdwork has caught regulators and lawyers off guard. Many platform operators assert that they are merely conduits, introducing independent contractors to their customers, far beyond the scope of employment law. In this chapter, a series of options are explored to ensure that crowdwork remains within (or is brought back into) the scope of employment and labor law. The avenues explored range from interpretative approaches rethinking the notions of employer and employee to the introduction or extension of intermediary categories (like workers or employee-like persons) to specific legislation dealing with the peculiarities of crowdwork.


Labor law Employment law Notion of employee Notion of employer Intermediary category Worker Employee-like person Crowdwork act