Advertisement

The Recognition of CAZ in Shanghai Based on Evaluated POI

  • Liu LiuEmail author
  • Zhuqing Liu
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Geographic Information Science book series (AGIS)

Abstract

The upgrade of urban core from central business district (CBD) to Central Activities Zone (CAZ) becomes a trend that many cities in China follows, yet it turns out to be ambiguous during the specification of its boundary. This project proposes a relatively clear definition of CAZ through a comparison with CBD and then innovates a method to identify the potential CAZ in a city based on evaluated point of interest (POI) dataset. Taking Shanghai as an example, we first go through the background of CAZ, and decompose its concept, we propose a data process to calibrate the degree of functional mixture in aspects of retail, catering, office, leisure, culture, and recreation. Through the compilation of rasterized maps, we find the top fourteen dynamic places in downtown Shanghai and deliver three scenarios for the discussion of CAZ boundary. Moreover, this replicable method has already been applied in many planning practical analysis and documents.

Keywords

CAZ POI Functional mixture Land use 

References

  1. Bogue, D. J. (1953). Population growth in standard metropolitan areas, 1900–1950: With an explanatory analysis of urbanized areas. Housing and Home Finance Agency, Office of the Administrator, Division of Housing Research.Google Scholar
  2. Bowden, M. J. (1971). Downtown through time: Delimitation, expansion, and internal growth. Economic Geography, 47(2), 121–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burgess, E. W. (1925). The growth of the city: An introduction to a research project. 收入 The Trend of Population (页 85–97). American Sociological Society.Google Scholar
  4. Edmonston, B. (1975). Population distribution in American cities. Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  5. Greater London Authority. (2011). London’s places. London: The London Plan.Google Scholar
  6. Liston, R. A. (1968). Downtown: Our challenging urban problems (卷 2139). Dell Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  7. Mayor of London. (2004). The London Plan: Chapter 5. Greater London Authority.Google Scholar
  8. Mayor of London. (2008). The London Plan. Greater London Authority.Google Scholar
  9. Mayor of London. (2011). The London Plan. Greater London Authority.Google Scholar
  10. Mieszkowski, P., & Mills, E. S. (1993). The causes of metropolitan suburbanization. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7(3), 135–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Murphy, R. E., & Vance, J. E., Jr. (1954). A comparative study of nine central business districts. Economic Geography, 30(4), 301–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Proudfoot, M. J. (1937). The outlying business centers of Chicago. The Journal of Land & Public Utility Economics, 13(1), 57–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Weixin, C. (2003). Investigation on CBD development of Chinese cities [J]. City Planning Review, 12, 18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CitoryTech LimitedHongKongChina
  2. 2.China Academy of Urban Planning and Design Shanghai BranchShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations