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Productive and Spatial Changes

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Urban Transformations in Rio de Janeiro

Part of the book series: The Latin American Studies Book Series ((LASBS))

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Abstract

Since the early 1990s, Rio de Janeiro State has undergone major changes in its economic dynamics, in sharp contrast to the severe economic and social crisis that marked the 1980s. The expansion of the oil extraction sector and the macroeconomic policies of the 2000s are important elements of its recent history. This chapter aims to analyze the nature and determining factors of those changes, considering the main quantitative and qualitative trends in the production structure (sectoral and regional) and in the spatial division of labor in Rio de Janeiro State and in the Metropolitan Region of its capital.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Natal (2005), Oliveira (2007), Lago (2009), Urani and Giambiachi (2011), Osório da Silva (2011), Piquet (2011), Santos et al. (2012), Silva (2012), Pinheiro and Veloso (2012), Sobral (2013).

  2. 2.

    There is a certain degree of uncertainty concerning Comperj: Petrobras has indicated that, contrary to the initial objective of producing petrochemicals, the project will be restricted to the installation of a Premium Refinery.

  3. 3.

    Baker Hughes, FMC Technologies, Halliburton, Usiminas and Tenaris, Vallourec, General Electric, L’Oréal, among others.

  4. 4.

    The Project received funding from the Brazilian Development Bank (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social—BNDES) and the German company ThyssenKrupp tried repeatedly to sell its share in the business, given the accumulated losses. In addition, great environmental damage has been caused by CSA operations.

  5. 5.

    Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz).

  6. 6.

    Brazilian Business Commitment for Recycling (Compromisso Empresarial para Reciclagem—CEMPRE).

References

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Acknowledgments

The author acknowledges the valuable comments and reading suggestions contributed by Robson Dias da Silva.

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Correspondence to Hipólita Siqueira .

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Siqueira, H. (2017). Productive and Spatial Changes. In: de Queiroz Ribeiro, L. (eds) Urban Transformations in Rio de Janeiro. The Latin American Studies Book Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51899-2_2

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