Advertisement

Introduction

  • Johanne Helbo Bøndergaard
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)

Abstract

Bøndergaard argues that forensics is not only increasingly dominant in the legal aftermath of wars, conflicts, and genocides but also in literary work related to them. She discusses how forensics resonates with recent developments in cultural memory studies. The second part of the introduction introduces a theoretical framework with which to address these questions, focusing specifically on transnationality, mediality, and materiality in relation to cultural memory and forensics. Bøndergaard connects theories from the field of cultural memory studies to contemporary research on forensic aesthetics in order to trace commonalities and common concerns in the two fields.

References

  1. Bond, Lucy. 2015. Frames of Memory After 9/11. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Bull, Anna Cento, and Hans Lauge Hansen. 2015. On Agonistic Memory. Memory Studies 9 (4): 390–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cercas, Javier. 2012. The Anatomy of a Moment. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  4. Cesari, Chiara De, and Ann Rigney. 2014. Introduction. In Transnational Memory: Circulation, Articulation, Scales, ed. C. De Cesari and A. Rigney. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ҫetin, Fethiye. 2012. My Grandmother: An Armenian-Turkish Memoir. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, Andy, and David Chalmers. 1998. The Extended Mind. Analysis 58: 7–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clausbeck-nielsen.net. 2008. Selvmordsaktionen, Gyldendal.Google Scholar
  8. Crossland, Zoë. 2000. Buried Lives. Archaeological Dialogues 7 (2): 146–159.Google Scholar
  9. Damsgård, Puk. 2015. Ser du Månen, Daniel. Copenhagen: Politikens Forlag.Google Scholar
  10. Damsgård‚ Puk. 2016. The Isis Hostage. London: Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
  11. Desbois, Patrick. 2008. Holocaust by Bullets. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.Google Scholar
  12. Domanska, Eva. 2017 Forthcoming. Dehumanization Through Decomposition and the Force of Law. In Mapping the ‘Forensic Turn’: The Engagements with Materialities of Mass Death in Holocaust Studies and Beyond, ed. Z. Dziuban. Vienna: New Academic Press.Google Scholar
  13. Eggers, Dave. 2010. Zeitoun. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  14. Erll, Astrid. 2008. Literature, Film, and the Mediality of Cultural Memory. In Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook, ed. Astrid Erll and Ansgar Nünning. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Erll, Astrid. 2011a. Memory in Culture. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacmillanGoogle Scholar
  16. Erll, Astrid. 2011b. Travelling Memory. Parallax 17/4.Google Scholar
  17. Ferllini, R. 2003. The Development of Human Rights Investigations Since 1945. Science and Justice 43 (4): 219–224.Google Scholar
  18. Ferllini, R. 2007. Forensic Archaeology and Human Rights Violations. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  19. Ferrándiz, Francisco. 2013. Exhuming the Defeated: Civil War Mass Graves in 21st-Century Spain. American Ethnologist 40 (1): 38–54.Google Scholar
  20. Ferrándiz, Fransisco and Alejandro Baer. 2008. Digital Memory: The Visual Recording of Mass Grave Exhumations in Comtemporary Spain. Forum Qualitative Sozialforchung 9 (3).Google Scholar
  21. Gommesen, Lars Bedsted. 2003. Alt blev Hvidt. Aarhus: Turbine Forlaget.Google Scholar
  22. Gould, Richard A. 2007. Disaster Archaeology. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.Google Scholar
  23. Hasian, Marouf Jr. 2001. The Advent of Critical Memory Studies and the Future of Legal Argumentation. Argumentation and Advocacy 38 (1): 40.Google Scholar
  24. Hedrick, Charles. 2000. History and Silence. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hemon, Aleksandar. 2008. The Lazarus Project. New York: Picador.Google Scholar
  26. Hertmans, Stefan. 2016. War and Turpentine. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  27. Hirst, William and Gerald Echterhoff. 2012. Remembering in Conversations: The Social Sharing and Reshaping of Memories. Annual Review of Psychology 63: 55–79.Google Scholar
  28. Hutcheon, Linda. 2005. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Huyssen, Andreas. 2003. Present Pasts—Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Huyssen, Andreas. 2006. Nostalgia for Ruins. Grey Room 23: 6–21.Google Scholar
  31. Jessee, Erin. 2012. Promoting Reconcilliation through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the Rwandan Genocide. In CIGI-Africa Discussion Paper Series 4, Africa Initiative and The Centre for International Governance Innovation.Google Scholar
  32. Judt, Tony. 2009. Reappraisals—Reflections on the Forgotten 20th Century. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  33. Keenan, Thomas, and Eyal Weizman. 2012. Mengele’s Skull. Portikus: Sternberg Press.Google Scholar
  34. Keren, Daniel, Jamie McCarthy, and Harry Mazal. 2004. The Ruins of the gas chambers: A forensic investigation of crematoriums at Auschwitz I and Auschwitz-Birkenau. Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 18 (1): 68–103.Google Scholar
  35. Knudsen, Britta Timm. 2011. Thanatourism: Witnessing Difficult Pasts. Tourist Studies 11 (1): 55–72.Google Scholar
  36. Koppel, Jonathan and William Hirst. 2010. The Role of Conversations in Shaping Individual and Collective Memory, Attitudes and Behavior. In Memory and the FutureTransnational Politics, Ethics and Society, ed. Y. Gutman, A. Brown and A. Sodaro. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  37. Langvad, Maja Lee. 2006. Find Holger Danske. Copenhagen: Borgen.Google Scholar
  38. Levy, Daniel and Natan Sznaider. 2002. Memory unbound: The Holocaust and the formation of cosmopolitan memory. European Journal of Social Theory, 5: 87–106.Google Scholar
  39. Lipstadt, Deborah. 1994. Denying the Holocaust - The Growing Assault on truth and memory. New York: Plume by Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  40. Lothe, Jakob, Susan Rubin Suleiman, and James Phelan. 2012. After Testimony—The Ethics and Aesthetics of Holocaust Narratives for the Future. Columbus: The Ohio state University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Madame Nielsen. 2016. Invasionen, Gyldendal.Google Scholar
  42. Mendelsohn, Daniel. 2008. The Lost. London: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
  43. Mendelsohn, Daniel. 2012. De Mistede. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.Google Scholar
  44. Mnookin, Jennifer L. 2008. The Image of Truth: Photographic Evidence and the Power of Analogy. Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 10: 1.Google Scholar
  45. Moretti, Franco. 2000. The Slaughterhouse of Literature. Modern Language Quarterly 61 (1): 207–227.Google Scholar
  46. Nielsen, Madame. 2016. Invasionen. En fremmed i flygtningestrømmen. Oslo: Gyldendal.Google Scholar
  47. O’Neill, Joseph. 2009. Blood-Dark Track. London: Fourth Estate.Google Scholar
  48. Pamuk, Orhan. 2006. Istanbul – Memories and the City. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  49. Pellegrino, Charles. 2010. The Last Train from Hiroshima. New York: Henry Holt and Company.Google Scholar
  50. Phelan, James. 2009. Teaching Narrative as Rhetoric. Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, and Culture 10 (1): 217–228.Google Scholar
  51. Pison, Ignasio Martinez de. 2009. To Bury the Dead. Cardigan: Parthian.Google Scholar
  52. Reading, Anna. 2014. Seeing Red: A Political Economy of Digital Memory. Media, Culture and Society 36: 748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Renshaw, Layla. 2011. Exhuming Loss: Memory, Materiality and Mass Graves of the Spanish Civil War. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  54. Ribeiro de Menezes, Alison. 2014. Embodying Memory in Contemporary Spain. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  55. Rosenberg, Göran. 2014. A Brief Stop on the Road from Auschwitz. London: Granta Publications.Google Scholar
  56. Rothberg, Michael. 2009. Multidirectional Memory—Remembering the Holocaust in the Age of Decolonization. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Rothberg, Michael. 2003. Memory Bound: The Implicated Subject and the Legacies of Slavery. Lecture at the Mnemonics Conference Memory Unbound: Transcultural, Transgenerational, Transmedial, and Transdisciplinary Dynamics of Memory, Ghent, 10 September 2013.Google Scholar
  58. Rothberg, Michael. 2014. Multidirectional memory in migratory settings: The case of Post-Holocaust Germany. In Transnational Memory: Circulation, Articulation, Scales, ed. Cesari and Rigney‚ Berlin: Walter de GruyterGoogle Scholar
  59. Sanford, Victoria. 2003. Buried Stories: Truth and Human Rights in Guatemala. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  60. Scholz, Susanne. 2013. Phantasmatic Knowledge—Visions of the Human and the Scientific Gaze in English Literature, 1880–1930. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  61. Schuppli, Susan. 2014. Entering evidence: Cross-examining the court records of the ICTY. Forensis: The Architecture of Public Truth. Berlin: Sternberg Press, 279–316.Google Scholar
  62. Søbye, Esben. 2005. Kathe, Alltid vært I Norge. Oslo: Forlaget Oktober.Google Scholar
  63. Stone, Charles B., Amanda J. Barnier, John Sutton, and William Hirst. 2009. Building Consensus About the Past: Schema Consistency and Convergence in Socially Shared Retrieval-induced Forgetting. Memory 18 (2): 170–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Stover, Eric, and Gilles Peress. 1998. The Graves—Srebrenica and Vukovar. Zurich: Scalo.Google Scholar
  65. Strange, Deryn, Seema Clifasefi, and Maryanne Garry. 2007. False Memories. In Do Justice and Let the Sky Fall: Elizabeth Loftus and Her Contributions to Science, Law, and Academic Freedom, ed. Maryanne Garry and Harlene Hayne. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.Google Scholar
  66. Sturken, Marita. 2007. Tourists of History—Memory, Kitsch, and Consumerism from Oklahoma City to Ground Zero. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sutton, John. 2005. Memory and the extended mind: embodiment, cognition, and culture. Cognitive Processing 6: 223–226.Google Scholar
  68. Sutton, John. 2008. Remembering. In Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition, ed. P. Robbins and M. Aydede. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  69. Sutton, John, Celia B. Harris, Paul G. Keil and Amanda Barnier. 2010. The psychology of memory, extended cognition, and socially distributed remembering. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/120064.
  70. Todorov, Tzvetan. 1977. The Poetics of Prose. Oxford: Basil Blachwell.Google Scholar
  71. van Dijck, José. 2007. Mediated Memories in the Digital Age. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  72. Verdery, Katherine. 1999. The Political Lives of Dead Bodies—Reburial and Socialist Change. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  73. Wagner, Sarah E. 2008. To Know Where He Lies: DNA Technology and the Search for Srebrenica’s Missing. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  74. Walsh, Richard. 2007. The Rhetoric of Fictionality. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.Google Scholar
  75. Weizman, Eyal. 2011. The Least of all Possible Evils. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  76. Weizman, Eyal. 2013. The Image is the Bone. In The Human Snapshot, ed. Thomas Keenan, and Tirdad Zolghadr. Berlin: Sternberg Press.Google Scholar
  77. Weizman, Eyal. 2014. Introduction: Forensics. In Forensis, ed. Forensic Architecture. Berlin: Sternberg Press.Google Scholar

Web Pages

  1. Department of Justice and Constitutional Development. 2009. The TRC Final Report, vol. 1, chapter 5. http://www.justice.gov.za/trc/report/. Accessed 24 Aug 2015.
  2. Forensic Architecture. 2011-–2015. http://www.forensic-architecture.org. Accessed 26 Dec 2016.
  3. National September 11 Memorial & Museum. 2016. Remains Repository at the World Trade Center Site. http://www.911memorial.org/remains-repository-world-trade-center-site. Accessed 26 Dec 2016.
  4. Tam Institute for Jewish Studies. 2016. Judgment of Mr Justice Charles Gray. David Irving v. Penguin Books UK and Deborah Lipstadt. http://www.hdot.org/en/trial/judgement/13-66.html. Accessed 25 Dec 2016.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

Personalised recommendations