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Ear and Brain Mechanisms for Parsing the Auditory Scene

  • John C. MiddlebrooksEmail author
  • Jonathan Z. Simon
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 60)

Abstract

The cocktail party is a popular metaphor for the complex auditory scene that is everyday life. In busy offices, crowded restaurants, and noisy streets, a listener is challenged to hear out signals of interest—most often speech from a particular talker—amid a cacophony of competing talkers, broadband machine noise, room reflections, and so forth. This chapter defines the problems that the auditory system must solve and introduces the ensuing chapters, which explore the relevant perception and physiology at all levels: in normal mature hearing, in early development, in aging, and in pathology.

Keywords

Auditory object Auditory scene analysis Cocktail party problem Energetic masking Grouping Informational masking Stream segregation Streaming 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Requirements

John Middlebrooks has no conflicts of interest.

Jonathan Simon has no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis: The perceptual organization of sound. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cherry, C. E. (1953). Some experiments on the recognition of speech, with one and two ears. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 25, 975–979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gatehouse, S., & Nobel, W. (2004). The speech, spatial, and qualities of hearing scale (SSQ). International Journal of Audiology, 43, 85–99.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology, Department of Neurobiology & Behavior, Department of Cognitive Sciences, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Hearing ResearchUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Department of Biology, Institute for Systems ResearchUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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