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What Is The Importance of Structured Triglycerides and Diglycerides?

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

This chapter reviews several important aspects of structured triglycerides (STs) and diglycerides (SDs), with the most updated literature on the topic. STs and SDs are synthesized to achieve some specific metabolic effects or to enhance physical–chemical properties of fats and oils. They comprise cocoa butter equivalents, human milk fat substitutes, low-calorie fats and oils, health-beneficial fatty acid-rich fats/oils, or diglyceride oil, and margarines or other plastic fats. A review of the metabolic fate of triglycerides and the health and nutritional properties of structured tri and diglycerides is presented.

Structured triglycerides can be synthesized by diverse routes, depending on the sort of triglycerides and the nature of the substrate. Several approaches to the productions of STs and SDs are described briefly including chemical and enzymatic interesterification (involving acidolysis and glycerolysis), hydrolysis and esterification.

In addition, the consumer market for structured di- and triglycerides is revised.

Keywords

Structured diglycerides Structured triglycerides Nutritional and therapeutic Properties Application Synthesis Market 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PLAPIQUI-UNS-CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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