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The Human Development Index and Its Evolution

  • Tadashi Hirai
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter analyses past criticisms of the HDI and the responses of the Human Development Report Office (HDRO) over 25 years. This exercise seems essential in acknowledging its evolving participatory nature. Indeed, numerous opinions and suggestions have been put forward since its introduction, which are grouped into seven categories: choice of dimensions, selection of indicators, standardisation and transformation of variables, decision of weighting, treatment of data, distributive concerns and investigation of composite nature. The HDRO’s responses have three patterns: direct methodological reflections on the HDI, indirect methodological analyses within a family of human development indicators, and conceptual debates within the HDRs. Reviewing these criticisms and responses chronologically clarifies how the former influenced the latter, demonstrating the process of making explicit the value judgement behind the index.

Keywords

Data Envelopment Analysis Human Development Index Gini Coefficient Ecological Footprint Gross National Income 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadashi Hirai
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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