Energy Efficiency Status-Quo at UK Foundries: The “Small-Is-Beautiful” Project
- 1.9k Downloads
Energy efficiency is a critical issue for all manufacturing sectors. In the present paper the energy efficiency of UK foundries was assessed. In the context of this research 80 foundries were studied, 60 were contacted and 10 were visited. General energy data were collected using structured questionnaires, interviewing energy managers and process operators. A number of foundries are operating to a good standard, by employing energy managers and regularly auditing; they are in control of their process and working rigorously to improve their efficiency. Simultaneously though, smaller foundries have not adjusted to the new market demands and are not operating in the most energy efficient manner. Important barriers to energy efficiency in these foundries include lack of knowledge on auditing methods, poor knowledge in managing energy consumption, the inefficiency of individual process steps, production disruptions, aging equipment, personnel behavior, inadequate maintenance and lack of investment, automation and research.
KeywordsEnergy efficiency Sustainability UK foundries
The authors would like to acknowledge the UK EPSRC Small is Beautiful (EP/M013863/1) project for the support of this work. All data are provided in full in this paper.
- 2.J. Campbell, Castings Practice—The Ten Rules of Castings (Knovel, 2004)Google Scholar
- 3.Department of Energy & Climate Change (2011)Google Scholar
- 4.Cast Metal Federation (2016), Website: http://www.castmetalsfederation.com/. Accessed 31 Aug 2016
- 6.UKcastings.org (2015), http://www.ukcastings.org/page.asp?node=79&sec=Facts___Figures. Accessed 02 Sept 2016
- 7.Modern casting (2005–2015), http://www.afsinc.org/multimedia/modernCasting.cfm. Accessed 02 0Sept 2016
- 13.M. Arasu, R.L. Jeffrey, Energy consumption studies in cast iron foundries. in Transaction of 57th IFC (2009)Google Scholar
- 14.E. Pagone, M.R. Jolly, K. Salonitis, The development of a tool to promote sustainability in casting processes. Procedia CIRP 55, 53–58 (2016)Google Scholar