Kenya: More Local than Global
The Kenyan case compares the operations and supporters of Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahidin (Al Shabaab) in Kenya and affiliated or sympathetic groups such as Al-Hijra—with two contemporary groups (the armed wing of the Mombasa Republic Council (MRC) and the Mungiki) as well as a historical group (the Mau Mau movement). Islamist violent extremism in Kenya cannot be understood without taking into account the dynamics in neighbouring Somalia, where Al Shabaab has been conducting an Islamist insurgency for several years. However, there are similarities in the aims, motivations and behaviour of Islamist and non-Islamist conflict groups, and the factors behind these similarities are mostly specific to Kenya.
KeywordsAl Shabaab Mombasa Republican Council Mau Mau Identity Marginalisation
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