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Urban Heat Island of Madrid and Its Influence over Urban Thermal Comfort

  • Emilia RománEmail author
  • Gloria Gómez
  • Margarita de Luxán
Chapter

Abstract

This work is part of the activities MODIFICA Project: Predictive model of the energy performance of residential buildings under conditions of urban heat island (BIA2013-41732-R). This project is funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the R + D + i, 2013 program, and the authors are involved in their development, together with the research group Bioclimatic Architecture in a Sustainable Environment —ABIO (UPM). The hypothesis of the project is the fact that the transformation of land for urban growth in the city of Madrid potentiates the effect of the urban heat island (UHI), which modifies substantially in the urban microclimate. The UHI is the result of the gradual replacement of natural surface by the urban area, whose surfaces absorb more solar radiation. This, coupled with other anthropogenic factors, increase the air temperature and cause an increase in local temperature. The consequence is a modification of the urban microclimate that affects to the comfort conditions in urban space and to the energy performance of buildings and, therefore, to the quality of life of the inhabitants.

Keywords

Urban climate Heat island Climate change Comfort Public space 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by Programa de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad ‘Retos Investigación’ of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Grant code BIA2013-41732-R, MODIFICA Project: Predictive Model For Dwellings Energy Performance Under The Urban Heat Island Effect.Authors would also like to thank the State Meteorological Agency (AEMET) and Madrid Town Hall for weather data provided to carry out this research.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emilia Román
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gloria Gómez
    • 2
  • Margarita de Luxán
    • 3
  1. 1.PhD Architect Cc60 Estudio de ArquitecturaResearch Group Sustainable Architecture and Urban Planning (GIAU+S), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Professor at the Urban and Regional Planning Department (ETSAM , UPM)MadridSpain
  2. 2.PhD Architect Cc60 Estudio de ArquitecturaMadridSpain
  3. 3.PhD Architect Emerita Professor at the Upper Technical School of Architecture, Universidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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