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Urban Heat Island and Vulnerable Population. The Case of Madrid

Abstract

The Urban Heat Island effect shows the differences among temperatures in urban areas and the surrounding rural ones. Previous studies have demonstrated that temperature differences could be up to 8 °C during the hottest periods of summer in Madrid , and that it varies according to the urban structure. Associated to this effect, the impact of temperature increase over dwelling indoor thermal comfort seems to double cooling energy demand . In Madrid, fuel poor households already suffering from inadequate indoor temperatures can face important overheating problems and, as a consequence, relevant health problems could become more frequent and stronger. This poses an increment in mortality rates in risk groups that should be evaluated. This research is aimed at establishing the geospatial connection between the urban heat island and the most vulnerable population living in the city of Madrid. Hence, those areas most in need for an urban intervention can be detected and prioritized.

Keywords

  • Urban heat island
  • Urban indicators
  • Vulnerable population
  • Heat wave
  • Fuel poverty

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Acknowledgements

This research is funded by Programa de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad ‘Retos Investigación’ of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Grant code BIA2013-41732-R, MODIFICA Project: Predictive Model For Dwellings Energy Performance Under The Urban Heat Island Effect.

Authors would also like to thank the State Meteorological Agency (AEMET) and Madrid Air Quality Integral System for weather data provided to carry out this research.

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Correspondence to Carmen Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez .

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Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, C., Núñez Peiró, M., Neila González, F.J. (2017). Urban Heat Island and Vulnerable Population. The Case of Madrid. In: Mercader-Moyano, P. (eds) Sustainable Development and Renovation in Architecture, Urbanism and Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51442-0_1

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