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Assessment of the Relationship Between Diameter and Tensile Strength of Piassaba (Aphandra natalia) Fibers

  • Cristian Balcázar-ArciniegaEmail author
  • Francisco Hernández-Olivares
Chapter

Abstract

Sustainable development of materials is a triangle between the ecological, economic and social that aims to reduce the extraction and use of conventional materials, through the use of regenerable natural materials that cause minimal impact or like the incorporation of waste and by-products that can be recycled . Natural fibers have characteristics of technical and economic solution, an important source for its use are the palms, considered one of the most economically important plants group. Of this variety, piassaba is the name of the hard fibers brown, considered as a non-timber forest product, which can be obtained from three species of palm: Leopoldinia piassaba Wallace, Attalea funifera and Aphandra natalia . Piassaba of Aphandra natalia displays mechanical properties similar to Leopoldinia piassaba and Attalea Funifera already tested of composite materials . Like any other natural fiber, the Aphandra natalia fibers have different diameters even in each fiber. In several lignocellulosic fibers has been found that the dimension of the diameter it affect value of the tensile strength . In this work a Weibull analysis of sisal fibers tensile strength was performed to find a correlation with the diameter. It was determined that a smaller diameter of the largest fiber tensile strength, indicating a hyperbolic equation between average strength and diameter.

Keywords

Weibull analysis Piassaba Aphandra natalia Tensile strength 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the support to this investigation by: Ph.D. Sofía Sanz González de Lema.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian Balcázar-Arciniega
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Francisco Hernández-Olivares
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Arts, School of ArchitectureUniversidad Tecnica Particular de LojaLojaEcuador
  2. 2.Department of Building Construction and Architectural Technology, School of ArchitecturePolytechnic University of MadridMadridSpain

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