Understanding Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Processed Aluminum-Bearing High-Chromium Ferritic Stainless Steel

  • Anumat SittihoEmail author
  • Vedavyas Tungala
  • Indrajit Charit
  • Rajiv S. Mishra
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Kanthal APMT® steel (Fe–22Cr–5Al–3Mo) was developed mainly for using as high temperature furnace elements. This kind of high-Cr ferritic steels is not considered to have good weldability because of a variety of metallurgical issues. Friction stir welding (FSW), a solid state welding process, was applied to a Kanthal APMT® plate in a bead-on-plate configuration using a PcBN tool with a tool rotation rate of 600 RPM and a traverse speed of 25.4 mm/min. Microstructure and mechanical properties were evaluated to determine the weld quality and examine the feasibility of applying FSW as a joining technique for this steel. Microstructural characteristics were mainly studied by optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The stir zone contained equiaxed grain structure with an average grain size of 13.7 μm. Interestingly, Vickers microhardness profile across the processed zone has revealed no significant change in microhardness.


Friction stir welding/processing Dispersion strengthened ferritic steels Kanthal APMT® Accident-tolerant ferritic steel 



The material used in this work was procured by using funds from a project funded by the Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP). Also, Anumat Sittiho would like to acknowledge The Royal Thai Navy for providing him with a scholarship during his graduate studies at The University of Idaho.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anumat Sittiho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vedavyas Tungala
    • 2
  • Indrajit Charit
    • 1
  • Rajiv S. Mishra
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of IdahoMoscowUSA
  2. 2.Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA

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