Peace as Normalisation
The persistence of an ungovernable peace pushed the EU to initiate a technical and political Dialogue to resolve outstanding and sensitive political issues regarding the status of the Serbian minority in the north of Kosovo, to remove Serbia’s interference from Kosovo’s domestic affairs, and to unblock the region’s prospects for European integration. This chapter examines the successes and failures of EU-facilitated Dialogue for the normalisation of relations between Kosovo and Serbia. It argues that as a result of multiple anomalies concerning the content of agreements and stalled implementation, the Dialogue has contributed more to normalising relations between Kosovo and the EU, and Serbia’s relations with the EU, rather than normalising relations between Kosovo and Serbia. This chapter outlines how the EU-facilitated Dialogue unintentionally exacerbated inter-ethnic relations in Kosovo, undermined political pluralism, and contributed to the further entrenchment of ethno-nationalist elites in Kosovo. The existing ambivalent peace could be transformed to a more emancipatory peace only when parties reach a legally binding agreement in the form of a peace treaty that would also constitute mutual recognition and permanent diplomatic relations.
KeywordsPeace Treaty Binding Agreement Political Agreement Accession Negotiation Full Normalisation
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