Local Resistance and the Politics of Self-Determination

  • Gëzim Visoka
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


The protracted international governance and the fluid policy of peacebuilding and statebuilding brewed local dissatisfaction and local resistance in Kosovo, entrenching local insistence to exercise the right to self-determination and end neo-colonial interventionism. This chapter explores the dynamics of local resistance, the fluid repertoire of contentious politics, and their impact on peacebuilding in Kosovo. The central argument of this chapter is that although local resistance has the potential to counter-balance and challenge the power of fluid interventionism and reduce the popularity of ethno-nationalist structurers, it can also trigger peace-breaking and counter-emancipatory dynamics, thus unintentionally prolonging the ungovernability of peace. Accordingly, this chapter illustrates the importance of speaking truth to resistance as much as speaking truth to power.


Local Resistance International Mission Transitional Justice Popular Support Security Sector Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baliqi B and Beha A (2015) Intraparty Elections in Kosovo. KAS Policy Brief. Pristina: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. Available at (accessed 15 April 2016).
  2. Bell C (2013) Peacebuilding, Law and Human Rights. In Mac Ginty R (ed), Routledge Handbook of Peacebuilding. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 249–260.Google Scholar
  3. Canovan M (1999) Trust the People! Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy. Political Studies 47(1): 2–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Della Porta D and Diani M (2006) Social Movements: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwells Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Gazeta Blic (2015) Rron Gjinovci sqaron incidentin me Vetëvendosjen [Rron Gjinovci Clarified the Incident with Vetëvendosje]. 22 September. Available at (accessed 07 April 2016).
  6. Glenn JK (2003) Parties Out of Movements: Party Emergence in Postcommunist Eastern Europe. In Goldstone JA (ed), States, Parties, and Social Movements. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 147–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goldstone JA (ed) (2003) States, Parties, and Social Movements. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoy DC (2004) Critical Resistance: From Poststructuralism to Post-Critique. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  9. Human Rights Advisory Panel (2015) Opinion on the Case No. 04/04 Kadri Balaj, Shaban Xheladini, Zenel Zeneli dhe Mustafë Nerjovaj. 27 February. Available at (accessed 04 July 2016).
  10. Kalyvas SN, Shapiro I and Masoud T (eds) (2008) Order, Conflict, and Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kelmendi A (2013) Kapërcimi i Rubikonit drejt Pavarësisë. Prishtinë: Koha.Google Scholar
  12. KohaNet (2016) Diskursi agresiv shpie në përplasje civile [In English: Aggressive Discourse Lead to Civil Clash], Pristina, 26 February. Available at (accessed 06 April 2016).
  13. Kohavision TV (2016) Rubikon – Fraksion Plus, 12 April 2016. Available at: (accessed 12 April 2016).
  14. Klan Kosova (2016) Këtë Javë: A po përqahet opozita e bashkuar?, 27 March. Available at: (assessed 27 March 2016).
  15. KSI (2011) A Power Primer: A Handbook to Politics, People and Parties in Kosovo. Prishtina: Kosovo Stability Initiative. Available at: (accessed 20 April 2016).Google Scholar
  16. Laclau E (1996) Emancipation(s). London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  17. Laclau E (2005) On Populist Reason. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  18. Le Bon G (1995) The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind. London: Transactions Publishers.Google Scholar
  19. Lee SY (2015) Motivations for Local Resistance in International Peacebuilding. Third World Quarterly 36(8): 1437–1452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lemay-Hérbert N (2013) Everyday Legitimacy and International Administration: Global Governance and Local Legitimacy in Kosovo. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 7(1): 87–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. LVV (Lëvizja Vetëvendosje!) (2005a) Gazetë Mujore Vetëvendosje!, No. 02, July.Google Scholar
  22. LVV (2005b) Gazetë Mujore Vetëvendosje! No. 3, August.Google Scholar
  23. LVV (2005c) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.5, 12 September.Google Scholar
  24. LVV (2005d) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 6, 20 September.Google Scholar
  25. LVV (2005e) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.7, 27 September.Google Scholar
  26. LVV (2005f) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 8, 11 October.Google Scholar
  27. LVV (2005g) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.10, 25 October.Google Scholar
  28. LVV (2006a) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.17, 10 January.Google Scholar
  29. LVV (2006b) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.24, 28 February.Google Scholar
  30. LVV (2006c) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.25, 07 March.Google Scholar
  31. LVV (2006d) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.29, 04 April.Google Scholar
  32. LVV (2006e) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.31, 18 April.Google Scholar
  33. LVV (2006f) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.32, 25 April.Google Scholar
  34. LVV (2006g) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 37. 30 MayGoogle Scholar
  35. LVV (2006h) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 38, 06 June.Google Scholar
  36. LVV (2006i) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 47, 08 August.Google Scholar
  37. LVV (2006j) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 54, 26 September.Google Scholar
  38. LVV (2006k) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 61, 14 November.Google Scholar
  39. LVV (2007a) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 86, 14 May.Google Scholar
  40. LVV (2007b) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 90, 11 June.Google Scholar
  41. LVV (2007c) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 93, 02 July.Google Scholar
  42. LVV (2007d) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 94, 09 July.Google Scholar
  43. LVV (2007e) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 101, 27 August.Google Scholar
  44. LVV (2007f) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 103, 09 September.Google Scholar
  45. LVV (2007g) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 105, 24 September.Google Scholar
  46. LVV (2007h) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 112, 12 November.Google Scholar
  47. LVV (2008a) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 121, 14 January.Google Scholar
  48. LVV (2008b) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 123, 28 January.Google Scholar
  49. LVV (2008c) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.126, 18 February.Google Scholar
  50. LVV (2008d) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.127, 25 February.Google Scholar
  51. LVV (2008e) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 136, 28 April.Google Scholar
  52. LVV (2008f) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No.138, 12 May.Google Scholar
  53. LVV (2008g) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 142, 09 June.Google Scholar
  54. LVV (2008h) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 148, 21 July.Google Scholar
  55. LVV (2008i) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 165, 17 November.Google Scholar
  56. LVV (2009) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 219, 16 November.Google Scholar
  57. LVV (2010a) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 248, 07 June.Google Scholar
  58. LVV (2010b) Gazetë Javore Vetëvendosje! No. 260, 30 August.Google Scholar
  59. LVV (2010c) Movement’s Manifesto. Available at (accessed 28 July 2016).
  60. LVV (2010d) Short Political Programme. Available at (accessed 22 July 2016).
  61. LVV (2013) The Manifesto Principles and Priorities of Lëvizja VETËVENDOSJE!: 100 Points Joined Together by the Changes Necessary for Kosova. Available at (accessed 23 July 2016).
  62. LVV (2015) Report on Republic of Kosova: The Resistance Against a Semi-Authoritarian Regime, 21 October. Available at (accessed 22 July 2016).
  63. Mac Ginty R (2011) International Peacebuilding and Local Resistance: Hybrid Forms of Peace. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Mansfield ED and Snyder J (2007) Turbulent Transitions: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War. In Crocker CA, Hampson FO, and Aall P (eds) Leashing the Dogs of War: Conflict Management in a Divided World. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, pp. 161–176.Google Scholar
  65. Mouffe C (2005) The Democratic Paradox. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  66. Richmond OP (2010) Resistance and the Post-Liberal Peace. Millennium – Journal of International Studies 3(3): 665–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Richmond OP (2012) A Pedagogy of Peacebuilding: Infrapolitics, Resistance, and Liberation. International Political Sociology 6(2): 115–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Roberts D (ed) (2015) Liberal Peacebuilding and the Locus of Legitimacy. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  69. Schwandner-Sievers S (2013) Democratisation Through Defiance? The Albanian Civil Organisation “Self-Determination” and International Supervision in Kosovo. In Bojicic-Dzelilovic V, Ker-Lindsay J and Kostovicova D (eds) Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 95–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Scott JC (1990) Domination and the Art of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  71. Sharp G (1973) The Politics of Nonviolent Struggle: Power and Struggle. New York: Porter Sargent Publishers.Google Scholar
  72. Sörensen JS (2009) State Collapse and Reconstruction in the Periphery: Political Economy Ethnicity and Development in Yugoslavia, Serbia and Kosovo. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  73. Taggart P (2000) Populism. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  74. The Independent International Commission on Kosovo (2000) The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Tilly C (2003) The Politics of Collective Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Tilly C (2004) Social Movements 1768–2004. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  77. Tilly C (2008) Contentious Performances. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Venice Commission (2004) Opinion No. 280/2004 on Human Rights Situation in Kosovo: Possible Establishment of Review Mechanisms. CDL-AD(2004)033. 11 October.Google Scholar
  79. Visoka G (2011) International Governance and Local Resistance in Kosovo: The Thin Line between Ethical, Emancipatory and Exclusionary Politics. Irish Studies in International Affairs 22(1): 99–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Visoka G (2012) The “Kafkaesque Accountability” of International Governance in Kosovo. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 6(2): 189–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Visoka G and Doyle J (2014) Peacebuilding and International Responsibility. International Peacekeeping 21(5): 673–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Von Laffert B (2016) In Kosovo, if debating doesn’t work throw tear gas, Politico, 03 May. Available at (accessed 20 May 2016).
  83. Worth O (2013) Resistance in the Age of Austerity. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gëzim Visoka
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Law and GovernmentDublin City UniversityDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations