Garhwal Himalaya—Potential of Cash Crops in Attaining Food Security and Enhancing Livelihoods—Khanda Gad Watershed Case Study

  • Vishwambhar Prasad SatiEmail author
Part of the Perspectives on Geographical Marginality book series (PGEO)


Issues in food security and livelihoods are becoming a prime concern over the world partly due to increase in population and because of food scarcity. In the Garhwal region, where subsistence cereal crops dominate in the agricultural systems, food scarcity becomes a common phenomenon. The reason behind this is a lack of field expansion and modernization and a massive population growth. The regional farming community is searching for a new possibility to enhance crop productivity through changes in farming systems and through trial and error but until now no specific farming system has been established so far that could ensure food security for the poor farmers of the region. The cropping pattern has been transformed from the cultivation of subsistence crops to paddy and wheat, mainly in the low-lying areas. Cash generating crops such as off-season vegetables , fruits, and medicinal plants are progressing slowly but steadily because the agro-ecological conditions of the region have the potentials for these crops. This chapter examines the potentials of subsistence and cash generating crops keeping food security in view, and suggests a best practice for cultivating suitable crops, which could lead a way for food security for the next generation. It is based on the case study of 65 Nepali households in the Khanda Gad sub-watershed and included participatory observation after routine field visit.


Garhwal Himalaya Livelihood Food security Subsistence farming Cash crops Nepali immigrants 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Resource ManagementMizoram UniversityAizawlIndia

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