An Intervention for Children with Social Anxiety and Autism Spectrum Disorders Using an Android Robot

  • Hirokazu KumazakiEmail author
  • Yuichiro Yoshikawa
  • Yoshio Matsumoto
  • Masutomo Miyao
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro
  • Taro Muramatsu
  • Masaru Mimura
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10091)


Some children with social anxiety and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by deficits in social communication consisting of a lack of speech in specific social situations in which there is an expectation of speaking, although these children do speak in other situations. Comorbid social anxiety and ASD is considered hard to treat. A variety of therapeutic and educational approaches have been developed, which have had educational benefits for some children with social anxiety and ASD. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development and application of novel and more efficacious treatment strategies. We introduced a “taking note system,” in which a subject operates an android robot and communicates with others through it. Post intervention, the participant showed a significant decrease in social anxiety. Based on our case report, an intervention using a “taking note system” is effective for decreasing stress. This finding suggests that this approach is promising and warrants further study.


Animal-assisted therapy Robot therapy PARO Autism spectrum disorder 



This work was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (15H01577). We sincerely thank the participants and all the families who participated in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirokazu Kumazaki
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yuichiro Yoshikawa
    • 3
  • Yoshio Matsumoto
    • 4
  • Masutomo Miyao
    • 5
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro
    • 3
  • Taro Muramatsu
    • 2
  • Masaru Mimura
    • 2
  1. 1.Kanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of NeuropsychiatryKeio University School of MedicineShinjuku-kuJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan
  4. 4.Robot Innovation Research CenterNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)TsukubaJapan
  5. 5.Donguri Psycho Developmental ClinicSetagaya-kuJapan

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