• Patrik LindenforsEmail author


Language is a uniquely human endeavor that both is cultural transmission and enables cultural transmission. The traits in language that animals cannot handle are presented: symbols composed of symbols and grammar (i.e. semantics and syntax ). I also briefly discuss the evolution of language and a theory of my own on language evolution. It is pointed out that language enables a novel replicator : ideas, thoughts, or “memes ”. I discuss why “meme ” may not be such a good word (it sounds like we know what we are talking about when we don’t).


Language Evolution Language Ability Cultural Trait Waggle Dance Language Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for the Study of Cultural EvolutionStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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