The EU Index of Integration Effort

Part of the United Nations University Series on Regionalism book series (UNSR, volume 13)


Diverging integration efforts or capacities may lead to more economic heterogeneity among countries, thereby challenging present and future steps of European integration. This is why the author measures the general integration efforts of the EU Member States by elaborating composite indicators. There are four dimensions to the indicators: acquis communautaire (measured by “EU Compliance”), Single Market integration (“EU Openness and EU Importance”), Economic and Monetary Union (“EU Symmetry”), and finally, economic convergence (“EU Homogeneity”). The results of the index (based on data for the post-2000 period) indicate an improvement in most of the dimensions, whereas economic convergence has slightly decreased. The analysis reveals that the EU has evolved into a multi-speed Europe, where there are relatively homogenous groups of countries (the core group, EMU opt-outs, CEECs and GIIPS) within a heterogeneous setting.


EU EMU Indicators Integration effort Acquis communautaire 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Market Economy Foundation (Stiftung Marktwirtschaft)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Georg-August-University of GöttingenGöttingenGermany

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