Party System Responsiveness in Contemporary Botswana, Lesotho, Ghana and Mali

  • Jonathan van Eerd
Part of the Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century book series (CDC)


This chapter compares self-collected elite survey data with Afrobarometer mass survey data. It presents evidence that parties in dominant party systems with an institutionalized and potentially threatening opposition (Botswana), or in formerly one-party dominant systems that evolved into an institutionalized two-party system (Ghana), and that are both still structured according to the historic territorial political cleavage from processes of decolonization around independence, are programmatically distinctively set apart and relatively responsive to the policy preferences of their electorate; in contrast to parties in dominant party systems with a volatile opposition (Lesotho), or in former dominant party systems that evolved into a generally non-institutionalized and chaotic multi-party system (Mali), and that both are not effectively structured according to historic political conflict from processes of nationalization around independence.


Policy Preference Voter Side Party System Opposition Parti Opposition Party 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan van Eerd
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Political ScienceUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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